Gut microbiota plays a fundamental role within human health, and exerts key functions within the human body. Diet is one of the most powerful modulators of gut microbiota functions and composition. This complex interplay involves also the immune system and the intestinal barrier, highlighting the central role of diet in the pathogenesis and treatment of multiple diseases. In this review article we will paint the landscape of the effects of specific dietary nutrients, and of the detrimental or beneficial outcomes of different dietary patterns, on the composition of human gut microbiota. Moreover, we will discuss the potential application of diet as a therapeutic modulator of gut microbiota, including cutting-edge ways of exploitation, including the use of dietary components as adjuvants to promote microbial engraftment after fecal microbiota transplantation, or personalized nutritional approaches, targeted to the patient microbiome.

Rinninella, E., Tohumcu, E., Raoul, P. C., Fiorani, M., Cintoni, M., Mele, M. C., Cammarota, G., Gasbarrini, A., Ianiro, G., The role of diet in shaping human gut microbiota, <<BAILLIERE'S BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH. CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY>>, N/A; 62-63 (N/A): 101828-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.bpg.2023.101828] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240226]

The role of diet in shaping human gut microbiota

Rinninella, Emanuele;Raoul, Pauline Celine;Fiorani, Marcello;Cintoni, Marco;Mele, Maria Cristina;Cammarota, Giovanni;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Ianiro, Gianluca
2023

Abstract

Gut microbiota plays a fundamental role within human health, and exerts key functions within the human body. Diet is one of the most powerful modulators of gut microbiota functions and composition. This complex interplay involves also the immune system and the intestinal barrier, highlighting the central role of diet in the pathogenesis and treatment of multiple diseases. In this review article we will paint the landscape of the effects of specific dietary nutrients, and of the detrimental or beneficial outcomes of different dietary patterns, on the composition of human gut microbiota. Moreover, we will discuss the potential application of diet as a therapeutic modulator of gut microbiota, including cutting-edge ways of exploitation, including the use of dietary components as adjuvants to promote microbial engraftment after fecal microbiota transplantation, or personalized nutritional approaches, targeted to the patient microbiome.
2023
Inglese
Rinninella, E., Tohumcu, E., Raoul, P. C., Fiorani, M., Cintoni, M., Mele, M. C., Cammarota, G., Gasbarrini, A., Ianiro, G., The role of diet in shaping human gut microbiota, <<BAILLIERE'S BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH. CLINICAL GASTROENTEROLOGY>>, N/A; 62-63 (N/A): 101828-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.bpg.2023.101828] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240226]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240226
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