Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is an extremely rare disease. Although it may occasionally occur in genetic syndromes, it is more often sporadic. It is usually associated with a consistent secretion of PTH, causing severe hypercalcemia and potentially all clinical conditions due to primary hyperparathyroidism. Management of PC can be challenging: some clinical, biochemical, and radiological features may be useful, but the final diagnosis of malignancy strictly relies on histological criteria. To date, radical surgery is the first-choice treatment and is the only effective therapy to control hypercalcemia and other clinical manifestations. On the other hand, chemo- or radiotherapy, local treatments, or novel drugs should be reserved for selected cases. We report an exceptionally unusual case of life-threatening PC, associated with several systemic manifestations: moderate pancreatitis, portal thrombosis, kidney stones, brown tumors, osteoporosis, hungry bone syndrome (HBS), chondrocalcinosis, neuropathy, and depression. The clinical case also represents an opportunity to provide a review of the recent literature, associated with a complete evaluation of the main diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.

Zelano, L., Locantore, P., Rota, C. A., Policola, C., Corsello, A., Rossi, E. D., Rufini, V., Zagaria, L., Raffaelli, M., Pontecorvi, A., Parathyroid Carcinoma All-In-One, a Rare Life-Threatening Case With Multiple Systemic Manifestations: Case Report and Review of the Literature, <<FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY>>, 2022; 13 (13): 881225-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fendo.2022.881225] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240015]

Parathyroid Carcinoma All-In-One, a Rare Life-Threatening Case With Multiple Systemic Manifestations: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Zelano, Lorenzo;Locantore, Pietro;Rota, Carlo Antonio;Policola, Caterina;Corsello, Andrea;Rufini, Vittoria;Zagaria, Luca;Raffaelli, Marco;Pontecorvi, Alfredo
2022

Abstract

Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is an extremely rare disease. Although it may occasionally occur in genetic syndromes, it is more often sporadic. It is usually associated with a consistent secretion of PTH, causing severe hypercalcemia and potentially all clinical conditions due to primary hyperparathyroidism. Management of PC can be challenging: some clinical, biochemical, and radiological features may be useful, but the final diagnosis of malignancy strictly relies on histological criteria. To date, radical surgery is the first-choice treatment and is the only effective therapy to control hypercalcemia and other clinical manifestations. On the other hand, chemo- or radiotherapy, local treatments, or novel drugs should be reserved for selected cases. We report an exceptionally unusual case of life-threatening PC, associated with several systemic manifestations: moderate pancreatitis, portal thrombosis, kidney stones, brown tumors, osteoporosis, hungry bone syndrome (HBS), chondrocalcinosis, neuropathy, and depression. The clinical case also represents an opportunity to provide a review of the recent literature, associated with a complete evaluation of the main diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.
2022
Inglese
Zelano, L., Locantore, P., Rota, C. A., Policola, C., Corsello, A., Rossi, E. D., Rufini, V., Zagaria, L., Raffaelli, M., Pontecorvi, A., Parathyroid Carcinoma All-In-One, a Rare Life-Threatening Case With Multiple Systemic Manifestations: Case Report and Review of the Literature, <<FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY>>, 2022; 13 (13): 881225-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fendo.2022.881225] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240015]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/240015
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