Grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) are serious threats worldwide and are difficult to control, in part because the environmental requirements for epidemiological processes of the causal fungi are poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the effects of temperature and moisture duration on spore germination of four fungi associated with two GTDs (esca complex and Eutypa dieback): Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Phaeoacremonium minimum, Cadophora luteo-olivacea, and Eutypa lata. Conidia of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Phaeoacremonium minimum, and C. luteo-olivacea were similar: conidia of these fungi germinated profusely (>90%) between 20 and 30°C; Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Phaeoacremonium minimum tended to germinate at higher temperatures (up to 40°C for P. minimum), and C. luteo-olivacea at lower temperatures (as low as 5°C). E. lata ascospores germinated between 10 and 30°C. The required duration of moist periods for germination was shortest for C. luteo-olivacea (about 6 h), followed by P. minimum and E. lata (about 12 h) and Phaeomoniella chlamydospora (about 24 h). Further research on the environmental requirements of GTD fungi may increase our ability to predict infection periods and, thereby, improve disease control.

Ji, T., Altieri, V., Salotti, I., Rossi, V., Effects of Temperature and Moisture Duration on Spore Germination of Four Fungi that Cause Grapevine Trunk Diseases, <<PLANT DISEASE>>, 2023; 107 (4): 1005-1008. [doi:10.1094/PDIS-08-22-1802-SC] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239915]

Effects of Temperature and Moisture Duration on Spore Germination of Four Fungi that Cause Grapevine Trunk Diseases

Ji, Tao
Primo
;
Altieri, Valeria
Secondo
;
Salotti, Irene
Penultimo
;
Rossi, Vittorio
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) are serious threats worldwide and are difficult to control, in part because the environmental requirements for epidemiological processes of the causal fungi are poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the effects of temperature and moisture duration on spore germination of four fungi associated with two GTDs (esca complex and Eutypa dieback): Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Phaeoacremonium minimum, Cadophora luteo-olivacea, and Eutypa lata. Conidia of Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, Phaeoacremonium minimum, and C. luteo-olivacea were similar: conidia of these fungi germinated profusely (>90%) between 20 and 30°C; Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Phaeoacremonium minimum tended to germinate at higher temperatures (up to 40°C for P. minimum), and C. luteo-olivacea at lower temperatures (as low as 5°C). E. lata ascospores germinated between 10 and 30°C. The required duration of moist periods for germination was shortest for C. luteo-olivacea (about 6 h), followed by P. minimum and E. lata (about 12 h) and Phaeomoniella chlamydospora (about 24 h). Further research on the environmental requirements of GTD fungi may increase our ability to predict infection periods and, thereby, improve disease control.
2023
Inglese
Ji, T., Altieri, V., Salotti, I., Rossi, V., Effects of Temperature and Moisture Duration on Spore Germination of Four Fungi that Cause Grapevine Trunk Diseases, <<PLANT DISEASE>>, 2023; 107 (4): 1005-1008. [doi:10.1094/PDIS-08-22-1802-SC] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239915]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239915
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