Grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) are serious threats in all viticultural areas of the world, and their management is always complex and usually inadequate. Fragmented and inconsistent information on the epidemiology and environmental requirements of the causal fungi is among the reasons for poor disease control. Therefore, we conducted a quantitative analysis of literature data to determine the effects of temperature on mycelial growth and the effects of temperature and moisture duration on spore germination. Using the collected information, we then developed mathematical equations describing the response of mycelial growth to temperature, and the response of spore germination to temperature and moisture for the different species and disease syndromes. We considered 27 articles (selected from a total of 207 articles found through a systematic literature search) and 116 cases; these involved 43 fungal species belonging to three disease syndromes. The mycelial growth of the fungi causing Botryosphaeria dieback (BD) and the esca complex (EC) responded similarly to temperature, and preferred higher temperatures than those causing Eutypa dieback (ED) (with optimal temperature of 25.3, 26.5, and 23.3°C, respectively). At any temperature, the minimal duration of the moist period required for 50% spore germination was shorter for BD (3.0 h) than for EC (17.2 h) or ED (15.5 h). Mathematical equations were developed accounting for temperature-moisture relationships of GTD fungi, which showed concordance correlation coefficients ≥0.888; such equations should be useful for reducing the risk of infection.

Ji, T., Salotti, I., Altieri, V., Li, M., Rossi, V., Temperature-Dependent Growth and Spore Germination of Fungi Causing Grapevine Trunk Diseases: Quantitative Analysis of Literature Data, <<PLANT DISEASE>>, 2023; 107 (5): 1386-1398. [doi:10.1094/PDIS-09-22-2249-RE] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239914]

Temperature-Dependent Growth and Spore Germination of Fungi Causing Grapevine Trunk Diseases: Quantitative Analysis of Literature Data

Ji, Tao
Primo
;
Salotti, Irene
Secondo
;
Altieri, Valeria;Rossi, Vittorio
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) are serious threats in all viticultural areas of the world, and their management is always complex and usually inadequate. Fragmented and inconsistent information on the epidemiology and environmental requirements of the causal fungi is among the reasons for poor disease control. Therefore, we conducted a quantitative analysis of literature data to determine the effects of temperature on mycelial growth and the effects of temperature and moisture duration on spore germination. Using the collected information, we then developed mathematical equations describing the response of mycelial growth to temperature, and the response of spore germination to temperature and moisture for the different species and disease syndromes. We considered 27 articles (selected from a total of 207 articles found through a systematic literature search) and 116 cases; these involved 43 fungal species belonging to three disease syndromes. The mycelial growth of the fungi causing Botryosphaeria dieback (BD) and the esca complex (EC) responded similarly to temperature, and preferred higher temperatures than those causing Eutypa dieback (ED) (with optimal temperature of 25.3, 26.5, and 23.3°C, respectively). At any temperature, the minimal duration of the moist period required for 50% spore germination was shorter for BD (3.0 h) than for EC (17.2 h) or ED (15.5 h). Mathematical equations were developed accounting for temperature-moisture relationships of GTD fungi, which showed concordance correlation coefficients ≥0.888; such equations should be useful for reducing the risk of infection.
2023
Inglese
Ji, T., Salotti, I., Altieri, V., Li, M., Rossi, V., Temperature-Dependent Growth and Spore Germination of Fungi Causing Grapevine Trunk Diseases: Quantitative Analysis of Literature Data, <<PLANT DISEASE>>, 2023; 107 (5): 1386-1398. [doi:10.1094/PDIS-09-22-2249-RE] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239914]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/239914
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