The present work was performed to study an optimal dose and duration of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation that would not result in harmful modifications of oxidative cell metabolism. Forty healthy subjects were divided into four groups that received 2.5 g/d eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 5.1 g EPA + DHA/d, 7.7 g EPA + DHA/d, or placebo. Fatty acid composition, tocopherol status, and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation induced in vitro by 2,2'-azobis-(2-amidinopropane) (AAPH) were evaluated in human red blood cell (RBC) membranes on days 30 and 180. n-3 PUFA treatment increased EPA and DHA concentrations in RBC membranes in a time-dependent manner in all of the n-3 PUFA groups. These modifications occurred with concomitant dose- and time-dependent increases in the membrane unsaturation index. After 30 d of treatment with n-3 PUFAs, alpha-to-copherol significantly increased in RBC membranes of the intermediate- and high-dose groups. Because of the higher concentration of this antioxidant in these groups, the susceptibility of RBC membranes to peroxidation was decreased. However, after 180 d of treatment, alpha-tocopherol decreased to baseline values and AAPH-induced lipid peroxidation increased in a dose-dependent manner. These results show that high doses of dietary n-3 PUFAs, as well as long-time treatments, affect human RBC susceptibility to lipid peroxidation by changes in fatty acid composition and tocopherol content.

Palozza, P., Sgarlata, E., Luberto, C., Piccioni, E., Anti, M., Marra, G., Armelao, F., Franceschelli, P., Bartoli, G., n-3 fatty acids induce oxidative modifications in human erythrocytes depending on dose and duration of dietary supplementation., <<THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION>>, 1996; (64): 297-304 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/23926]

n-3 fatty acids induce oxidative modifications in human erythrocytes depending on dose and duration of dietary supplementation.

Palozza, Paola;Piccioni, Elisabetta;Anti, Marcello;
1996

Abstract

The present work was performed to study an optimal dose and duration of dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation that would not result in harmful modifications of oxidative cell metabolism. Forty healthy subjects were divided into four groups that received 2.5 g/d eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 5.1 g EPA + DHA/d, 7.7 g EPA + DHA/d, or placebo. Fatty acid composition, tocopherol status, and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation induced in vitro by 2,2'-azobis-(2-amidinopropane) (AAPH) were evaluated in human red blood cell (RBC) membranes on days 30 and 180. n-3 PUFA treatment increased EPA and DHA concentrations in RBC membranes in a time-dependent manner in all of the n-3 PUFA groups. These modifications occurred with concomitant dose- and time-dependent increases in the membrane unsaturation index. After 30 d of treatment with n-3 PUFAs, alpha-to-copherol significantly increased in RBC membranes of the intermediate- and high-dose groups. Because of the higher concentration of this antioxidant in these groups, the susceptibility of RBC membranes to peroxidation was decreased. However, after 180 d of treatment, alpha-tocopherol decreased to baseline values and AAPH-induced lipid peroxidation increased in a dose-dependent manner. These results show that high doses of dietary n-3 PUFAs, as well as long-time treatments, affect human RBC susceptibility to lipid peroxidation by changes in fatty acid composition and tocopherol content.
Inglese
Palozza, P., Sgarlata, E., Luberto, C., Piccioni, E., Anti, M., Marra, G., Armelao, F., Franceschelli, P., Bartoli, G., n-3 fatty acids induce oxidative modifications in human erythrocytes depending on dose and duration of dietary supplementation., <<THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION>>, 1996; (64): 297-304 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/23926]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/23926
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