Background and Objectives: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of mortality among women. Chemo-radiation followed by interventional radiotherapy (IRT) is the standard of care for stage IB-IVA FIGO. Several studies have shown that image-guided adaptive IRT resulted in excellent local and pelvic control, but it is associated with vaginal toxicity and intercourse problems. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the dysfunctions of the sexual sphere in patients with cervical cancer undergoing different cervix cancer treatments. Materials and Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search using Pub med, Scopus and Cochrane to identify all the full articles evaluating the dysfunctions of the sexual sphere. ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for ongoing or recently completed trials, and PROSPERO was searched for ongoing or recently completed systematic reviews. Results: One thousand three hundred fifty-six women included in five studies published from 2016 to 2022 were analyzed. The median age was 50 years (range 46-56 years). The median follow-up was 12 months (range 0-60). Cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery) negatively affected sexual intercourse. Sexual symptoms such as fibrosis, strictures, decreased elasticity and depth and mucosal atrophy promote sexual dysfunction by causing frigidity, lack of lubrication, arousal, orgasm and libido and dyspareunia. Conclusions: Physical, physiological and social factors all contribute to the modification of the sexual sphere. Cervical cancer survivors who were irradiated have lower sexual and vaginal function than the normal population. Although there are cures for reducing discomfort, effective communication about sexual dysfunctions following treatment is essential.

Tramacere, F., Lancellotta, V., Casà, C., Fionda, B., Cornacchione, P., Mazzarella, C., De Vincenzo, R. P., Macchia, G., Ferioli, M., Rovirosa, A., Gambacorta, M. A., Colosimo, C., Valentini, V., Iezzi, R., Tagliaferri, L., Assessment of Sexual Dysfunction in Cervical Cancer Patients after Different Treatment Modality: A Systematic Review, <<MEDICINA>>, 2022; 58 (9): 1223-N/A. [doi:10.3390/medicina58091223] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235324]

Assessment of Sexual Dysfunction in Cervical Cancer Patients after Different Treatment Modality: A Systematic Review

Lancellotta, Valentina;Fionda, Bruno;Cornacchione, Patrizia;De Vincenzo, Rosa Pasqualina;Macchia, Gabriella;Gambacorta, Maria Antonietta;Colosimo, Cesare;Valentini, Vincenzo;Iezzi, Roberto;Tagliaferri, Luca
2022

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of mortality among women. Chemo-radiation followed by interventional radiotherapy (IRT) is the standard of care for stage IB-IVA FIGO. Several studies have shown that image-guided adaptive IRT resulted in excellent local and pelvic control, but it is associated with vaginal toxicity and intercourse problems. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the dysfunctions of the sexual sphere in patients with cervical cancer undergoing different cervix cancer treatments. Materials and Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search using Pub med, Scopus and Cochrane to identify all the full articles evaluating the dysfunctions of the sexual sphere. ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for ongoing or recently completed trials, and PROSPERO was searched for ongoing or recently completed systematic reviews. Results: One thousand three hundred fifty-six women included in five studies published from 2016 to 2022 were analyzed. The median age was 50 years (range 46-56 years). The median follow-up was 12 months (range 0-60). Cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery) negatively affected sexual intercourse. Sexual symptoms such as fibrosis, strictures, decreased elasticity and depth and mucosal atrophy promote sexual dysfunction by causing frigidity, lack of lubrication, arousal, orgasm and libido and dyspareunia. Conclusions: Physical, physiological and social factors all contribute to the modification of the sexual sphere. Cervical cancer survivors who were irradiated have lower sexual and vaginal function than the normal population. Although there are cures for reducing discomfort, effective communication about sexual dysfunctions following treatment is essential.
2022
Inglese
Tramacere, F., Lancellotta, V., Casà, C., Fionda, B., Cornacchione, P., Mazzarella, C., De Vincenzo, R. P., Macchia, G., Ferioli, M., Rovirosa, A., Gambacorta, M. A., Colosimo, C., Valentini, V., Iezzi, R., Tagliaferri, L., Assessment of Sexual Dysfunction in Cervical Cancer Patients after Different Treatment Modality: A Systematic Review, <<MEDICINA>>, 2022; 58 (9): 1223-N/A. [doi:10.3390/medicina58091223] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235324]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235324
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