Only few studies have analyzed the efficacy of tixagevimab/cilgavimab to prevent severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and related complications in hematologic malignancies (HM) patients. Here, we report cases of breakthrough COVID-19 after prophylactic tixagevimab/cilgavimab from the EPICOVIDEHA registry). We identified 47 patients that had received prophylaxis with tixagevimab/cilgavimab in the EPICOVIDEHA registry. Lymphoproliferative disorders (44/47, 93.6%) were the main underlying HM. SARS-CoV-2 strains were genotyped in 7 (14.9%) cases only, and all belonged to the omicron variant. Forty (85.1%) patients had received vaccinations prior to tixagevimab/cilgavimab, the majority of them with at least two doses. Eleven (23.4%) patients had a mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, 21 (44.7%) a moderate infection, while 8 (17.0%) had severe infection and 2 (4.3%) critical. Thirty-six (76.6%) patients were treated, either with monoclonal antibodies, antivirals, corticosteroids, or with combination schemes. Overall, 10 (21.3%) were admitted to a hospital. Among these, two (4.3%) were transferred to intensive care unit and one (2.1%) of them died. Our data seem to show that the use of tixagevimab/cilgavimab may lead to a COVID-19 severity reduction in HM patients; however, further studies should incorporate further HM patients to confirm the best drug administration strategies in immunocompromised patients.

Marchesi, F., Salmanton-Garcia, J., Buquicchio, C., Itri, F., Besson, C., Davila-Valls, J., Martin-Perez, S., Fianchi, L., Rahimli, L., Tarantini, G., Grifoni, F. I., Sciume, M., Labrador, J., Cordoba, R., Lopez-Garcia, A., Fracchiolla, N. S., Farina, F., Ammatuna, E., Cingolani, A., Garcia-Bordallo, D., Grafe, S. K., Bilgin, Y. M., Dargenio, M., Gonzalez-Lopez, T. J., Guidetti, A., Lahmer, T., Lavilla-Rubira, E., Mendez, G. -., Prezioso, L., Schonlein, M., Van Doesum, J., Wolf, D., Hersby, D. S., Magyari, F., Van Praet, J., Petzer, V., Tascini, C., Falces-Romero, I., Glenthoj, A., Cornely, O. A., Pagano, L., Passive pre-exposure immunization by tixagevimab/cilgavimab in patients with hematological malignancy and COVID-19: matched-paired analysis in the EPICOVIDEHA registry, <<JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY & ONCOLOGY>>, 2023; 16 (1): 32-37. [doi:10.1186/s13045-023-01423-7] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235312]

Passive pre-exposure immunization by tixagevimab/cilgavimab in patients with hematological malignancy and COVID-19: matched-paired analysis in the EPICOVIDEHA registry

Fianchi, Luana
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cingolani, Antonella
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pagano, Livio
Conceptualization
2023

Abstract

Only few studies have analyzed the efficacy of tixagevimab/cilgavimab to prevent severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and related complications in hematologic malignancies (HM) patients. Here, we report cases of breakthrough COVID-19 after prophylactic tixagevimab/cilgavimab from the EPICOVIDEHA registry). We identified 47 patients that had received prophylaxis with tixagevimab/cilgavimab in the EPICOVIDEHA registry. Lymphoproliferative disorders (44/47, 93.6%) were the main underlying HM. SARS-CoV-2 strains were genotyped in 7 (14.9%) cases only, and all belonged to the omicron variant. Forty (85.1%) patients had received vaccinations prior to tixagevimab/cilgavimab, the majority of them with at least two doses. Eleven (23.4%) patients had a mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, 21 (44.7%) a moderate infection, while 8 (17.0%) had severe infection and 2 (4.3%) critical. Thirty-six (76.6%) patients were treated, either with monoclonal antibodies, antivirals, corticosteroids, or with combination schemes. Overall, 10 (21.3%) were admitted to a hospital. Among these, two (4.3%) were transferred to intensive care unit and one (2.1%) of them died. Our data seem to show that the use of tixagevimab/cilgavimab may lead to a COVID-19 severity reduction in HM patients; however, further studies should incorporate further HM patients to confirm the best drug administration strategies in immunocompromised patients.
2023
Inglese
Marchesi, F., Salmanton-Garcia, J., Buquicchio, C., Itri, F., Besson, C., Davila-Valls, J., Martin-Perez, S., Fianchi, L., Rahimli, L., Tarantini, G., Grifoni, F. I., Sciume, M., Labrador, J., Cordoba, R., Lopez-Garcia, A., Fracchiolla, N. S., Farina, F., Ammatuna, E., Cingolani, A., Garcia-Bordallo, D., Grafe, S. K., Bilgin, Y. M., Dargenio, M., Gonzalez-Lopez, T. J., Guidetti, A., Lahmer, T., Lavilla-Rubira, E., Mendez, G. -., Prezioso, L., Schonlein, M., Van Doesum, J., Wolf, D., Hersby, D. S., Magyari, F., Van Praet, J., Petzer, V., Tascini, C., Falces-Romero, I., Glenthoj, A., Cornely, O. A., Pagano, L., Passive pre-exposure immunization by tixagevimab/cilgavimab in patients with hematological malignancy and COVID-19: matched-paired analysis in the EPICOVIDEHA registry, <<JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY & ONCOLOGY>>, 2023; 16 (1): 32-37. [doi:10.1186/s13045-023-01423-7] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235312]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/235312
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