Background: PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 (NCT02477644) demonstrated a significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit with maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab versus placebo plus bevacizumab in newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer. We report the pre -specified main second progression-free survival (PFS2) analysis for PAOLA-1.Methods: This randomised, double-blind, phase III trial was conducted in 11 countries. Eligible patients had newly diagnosed, advanced, high-grade ovarian cancer and were in response after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy plus bevacizumab. Patients were rando-mised 2:1 to olaparib (300 mg twice daily) or placebo for up to 24 months; all patients received bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks) for up to 15 months. Primary PFS end-point was re-ported previously. Time from randomisation to second disease progression or death was a key secondary end-point included in the hierarchical-testing procedure.Results: After a median follow-up of 35.5 months and 36.5 months, respectively, median PFS2 was 36.5 months (olaparib plus bevacizumab) and 32.6 months (placebo plus bevacizumab), hazard ratio 0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-0.95; P = 0.0125. Median time to second subsequent therapy or death was 38.2 months (olaparib plus bevacizumab) and 31.5 months (placebo plus bevacizumab), hazard ratio 0.78; 95% CI 0.64-0.95; P = 0.0115. Seventy-two (27%) patients in the placebo plus bevacizumab group received a poly(ADP-ribose) polymer-ase inhibitor as first subsequent therapy. No new safety signals were observed for olaparib plus bevacizumab.Conclusion: In newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer, maintenance olaparib plus bevaci-zumab provided continued benefit beyond first progression, with a significant PFS2 improve-ment and a time to second subsequent therapy or death delay versus placebo plus bevacizumab. 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

González-Martín, A., Desauw, C., Heitz, F., Cropet, C., Gargiulo, P., Berger, R., Ochi, H., Vergote, I., Colombo, N., Mirza, M. R., Tazi, Y., Canzler, U., Zamagni, C., Guerra-Alia, E. M., Levaché, C. B., Marmé, F., Bazan, F., De Gregorio, N., Dohollou, N., Fasching, P. A., Scambia, G., Rubio-Pérez, M. J., Milenkova, T., Costan, C., Pautier, P., Ray-Coquard, I., Maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab in patients with newly diagnosed advanced high-grade ovarian cancer: Main analysis of second progression-free survival in the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER>>, 2022; (174): 221-231. [doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.022] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232475]

Maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab in patients with newly diagnosed advanced high-grade ovarian cancer: Main analysis of second progression-free survival in the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial

Mirza, Mansoor Raza;Scambia, Giovanni;
2022

Abstract

Background: PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 (NCT02477644) demonstrated a significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit with maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab versus placebo plus bevacizumab in newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer. We report the pre -specified main second progression-free survival (PFS2) analysis for PAOLA-1.Methods: This randomised, double-blind, phase III trial was conducted in 11 countries. Eligible patients had newly diagnosed, advanced, high-grade ovarian cancer and were in response after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy plus bevacizumab. Patients were rando-mised 2:1 to olaparib (300 mg twice daily) or placebo for up to 24 months; all patients received bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks) for up to 15 months. Primary PFS end-point was re-ported previously. Time from randomisation to second disease progression or death was a key secondary end-point included in the hierarchical-testing procedure.Results: After a median follow-up of 35.5 months and 36.5 months, respectively, median PFS2 was 36.5 months (olaparib plus bevacizumab) and 32.6 months (placebo plus bevacizumab), hazard ratio 0.78; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64-0.95; P = 0.0125. Median time to second subsequent therapy or death was 38.2 months (olaparib plus bevacizumab) and 31.5 months (placebo plus bevacizumab), hazard ratio 0.78; 95% CI 0.64-0.95; P = 0.0115. Seventy-two (27%) patients in the placebo plus bevacizumab group received a poly(ADP-ribose) polymer-ase inhibitor as first subsequent therapy. No new safety signals were observed for olaparib plus bevacizumab.Conclusion: In newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer, maintenance olaparib plus bevaci-zumab provided continued benefit beyond first progression, with a significant PFS2 improve-ment and a time to second subsequent therapy or death delay versus placebo plus bevacizumab. 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
2022
Inglese
González-Martín, A., Desauw, C., Heitz, F., Cropet, C., Gargiulo, P., Berger, R., Ochi, H., Vergote, I., Colombo, N., Mirza, M. R., Tazi, Y., Canzler, U., Zamagni, C., Guerra-Alia, E. M., Levaché, C. B., Marmé, F., Bazan, F., De Gregorio, N., Dohollou, N., Fasching, P. A., Scambia, G., Rubio-Pérez, M. J., Milenkova, T., Costan, C., Pautier, P., Ray-Coquard, I., Maintenance olaparib plus bevacizumab in patients with newly diagnosed advanced high-grade ovarian cancer: Main analysis of second progression-free survival in the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER>>, 2022; (174): 221-231. [doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2022.07.022] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232475]
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