Simple Summary: Little information has been reported about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). In this review, we summarize the knowledge about MPN clinical management, including cytoreductive and antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy, thrombotic risk, prognosis, and vaccination strategies at the time of COVID-19.An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) started in December 2019 in China and then become pandemic in February 2020. Several publications investigated the possible increased rate of COVID-19 infection in hematological malignancies. Based on the published data, strategies for the management of chronic Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are provided. The risk of severe COVID-19 seems high in MPN, particularly in patients with essential thrombocythemia, but not negligible in myelofibrosis. MPN patients are at high risk of both thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications and this must be accounted in the case of COVID-19 deciding on a case-by-case basis. There are currently no data to suggest that hydroxyurea or interferon may influence the risk or severity of COVID-19 infection. Conversely, while the immunosuppressive activity of ruxolitinib might pose increased risk of infection, its abrupt discontinuation during COVID-19 syndrome is associated with worse outcome. All MPN patients should receive vaccine against COVID-19; reassuring data are available on efficacy of mRNA vaccines in MPNs.

Palandri, F., Breccia, M., De Stefano, V., Passamonti, F., Philadelphia-Negative Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Future Scenarios, <<CANCERS>>, 2021; 13 (19): 4750-N/A. [doi:10.3390/cancers13194750] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232383]

Philadelphia-Negative Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Future Scenarios

De Stefano, Valerio;
2021

Abstract

Simple Summary: Little information has been reported about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). In this review, we summarize the knowledge about MPN clinical management, including cytoreductive and antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy, thrombotic risk, prognosis, and vaccination strategies at the time of COVID-19.An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) started in December 2019 in China and then become pandemic in February 2020. Several publications investigated the possible increased rate of COVID-19 infection in hematological malignancies. Based on the published data, strategies for the management of chronic Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are provided. The risk of severe COVID-19 seems high in MPN, particularly in patients with essential thrombocythemia, but not negligible in myelofibrosis. MPN patients are at high risk of both thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications and this must be accounted in the case of COVID-19 deciding on a case-by-case basis. There are currently no data to suggest that hydroxyurea or interferon may influence the risk or severity of COVID-19 infection. Conversely, while the immunosuppressive activity of ruxolitinib might pose increased risk of infection, its abrupt discontinuation during COVID-19 syndrome is associated with worse outcome. All MPN patients should receive vaccine against COVID-19; reassuring data are available on efficacy of mRNA vaccines in MPNs.
2021
Inglese
Palandri, F., Breccia, M., De Stefano, V., Passamonti, F., Philadelphia-Negative Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Future Scenarios, <<CANCERS>>, 2021; 13 (19): 4750-N/A. [doi:10.3390/cancers13194750] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232383]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232383
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact