The gut microbiota is composed of bacteria, archaea, phages, and protozoa. It is now well known that their mutual interactions and metabolism influence host organism pathophysiology. Over the years, there has been growing interest in the composition of the gut microbiota and intervention strategies in order to modulate it. Characterizing the gut microbial populations represents the first step to clarifying the impact on the health/illness equilibrium, and then developing potential tools suited for each clinical disorder. In this review, we discuss the current gut microbiota manipulation strategies available and their clinical applications in personalized medicine. Among them, FMT represents the most widely explored therapeutic tools as recent guidelines and standardization protocols, not only for intestinal disorders. On the other hand, the use of prebiotics and probiotics has evidence of encouraging findings on their safety, patient compliance, and inter-individual effectiveness. In recent years, avant-garde approaches have emerged, including engineered bacterial strains, phage therapy, and genome editing (CRISPR-Cas9), which require further investigation through clinical trials.

Quaranta, G., Guarnaccia, A., Fancello, G., Agrillo, C., Iannarelli, F., Sanguinetti, M., Masucci, L., Fecal Microbiota Transplantation and Other Gut Microbiota Manipulation Strategies, <<MICROORGANISMS>>, 2022; 10 (12): 2424-2424. [doi:10.3390/microorganisms10122424] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232249]

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation and Other Gut Microbiota Manipulation Strategies

Quaranta, Gianluca;Iannarelli, Federica;Sanguinetti, Maurizio;Masucci, Luca
2022

Abstract

The gut microbiota is composed of bacteria, archaea, phages, and protozoa. It is now well known that their mutual interactions and metabolism influence host organism pathophysiology. Over the years, there has been growing interest in the composition of the gut microbiota and intervention strategies in order to modulate it. Characterizing the gut microbial populations represents the first step to clarifying the impact on the health/illness equilibrium, and then developing potential tools suited for each clinical disorder. In this review, we discuss the current gut microbiota manipulation strategies available and their clinical applications in personalized medicine. Among them, FMT represents the most widely explored therapeutic tools as recent guidelines and standardization protocols, not only for intestinal disorders. On the other hand, the use of prebiotics and probiotics has evidence of encouraging findings on their safety, patient compliance, and inter-individual effectiveness. In recent years, avant-garde approaches have emerged, including engineered bacterial strains, phage therapy, and genome editing (CRISPR-Cas9), which require further investigation through clinical trials.
2022
Inglese
Quaranta, G., Guarnaccia, A., Fancello, G., Agrillo, C., Iannarelli, F., Sanguinetti, M., Masucci, L., Fecal Microbiota Transplantation and Other Gut Microbiota Manipulation Strategies, <<MICROORGANISMS>>, 2022; 10 (12): 2424-2424. [doi:10.3390/microorganisms10122424] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232249]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/232249
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