Severe Acquired Brain Injury (sABI) is a leading cause of disability and requires intensive rehabilitation treatment. Discharge from the rehabilitation ward is a key moment in patient management. Delays in patient discharge can adversely affect hospital productivity and increase healthcare costs. The discharge should be structured from the hospital admission toward the most appropriate environment. The purpose of our study is to investigate early predictors of outcome for discharge in older adults with sABI. A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients who were admitted to an intensive neurorehabilitation unit between June 2019 and December 2021. Patients were divided into two outcome categories, good outcome (GO) or poor outcome (PO), based on discharge destination, and the possible prognostic factors were analyzed at one and two months after admission. Among the factors analyzed, changes in the Disability Rating Scale (DRS) and Level of Cognitive Functioning (LCF) at the first and second month of hospitalization were predictive of GO at discharge (DRS, p = 0.025; LCF, p = 0.011). The presence of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy at two months after admission was also significantly associated with PO (p = 0.038). High Body Mass Index (BMI) and the presence of sepsis at one month after admission were possible predictors of PO (BMI p = 0.048; sepsis p = 0.014). An analysis of dynamic predictors could be useful to guarantee an early evaluation of hospital discharge in frail patients with sABI.

Fusco, A., Galluccio, C., Castelli, L., Pazzaglia, C., Pastorino, R., Pires Marafon, D., Bernabei, R., Giovannini, S., Padua, L., Severe Acquired Brain Injury: Prognostic Factors of Discharge Outcome in Older Adults, <<BRAIN SCIENCES>>, 2022; 12 (9): 1-12. [doi:10.3390/brainsci12091232] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/231262]

Severe Acquired Brain Injury: Prognostic Factors of Discharge Outcome in Older Adults

Fusco, Augusto;Galluccio, Caterina;Castelli, Letizia;Pazzaglia, Costanza;Pastorino, Roberta;Pires Marafon, Denise;Bernabei, Roberto;Giovannini, Silvia;Padua, Luca
2022

Abstract

Severe Acquired Brain Injury (sABI) is a leading cause of disability and requires intensive rehabilitation treatment. Discharge from the rehabilitation ward is a key moment in patient management. Delays in patient discharge can adversely affect hospital productivity and increase healthcare costs. The discharge should be structured from the hospital admission toward the most appropriate environment. The purpose of our study is to investigate early predictors of outcome for discharge in older adults with sABI. A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients who were admitted to an intensive neurorehabilitation unit between June 2019 and December 2021. Patients were divided into two outcome categories, good outcome (GO) or poor outcome (PO), based on discharge destination, and the possible prognostic factors were analyzed at one and two months after admission. Among the factors analyzed, changes in the Disability Rating Scale (DRS) and Level of Cognitive Functioning (LCF) at the first and second month of hospitalization were predictive of GO at discharge (DRS, p = 0.025; LCF, p = 0.011). The presence of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy at two months after admission was also significantly associated with PO (p = 0.038). High Body Mass Index (BMI) and the presence of sepsis at one month after admission were possible predictors of PO (BMI p = 0.048; sepsis p = 0.014). An analysis of dynamic predictors could be useful to guarantee an early evaluation of hospital discharge in frail patients with sABI.
2022
Inglese
Fusco, A., Galluccio, C., Castelli, L., Pazzaglia, C., Pastorino, R., Pires Marafon, D., Bernabei, R., Giovannini, S., Padua, L., Severe Acquired Brain Injury: Prognostic Factors of Discharge Outcome in Older Adults, <<BRAIN SCIENCES>>, 2022; 12 (9): 1-12. [doi:10.3390/brainsci12091232] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/231262]
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