Purpose There is a lack of uniformity in the definition of normal ovary ultrasound parameters. Our aim was to summarize and meta-analyze the evidence on the topic. Full-text English articles published through December 31, 2020 were retrieved via MEDLINE and Embase. Data available for meta-analysis included: ovarian follicular count, ovarian volume, and ovarian Pulsatility Index (PI) assessed by Doppler ultrasound. Methods Cohort, cross-sectional, prospective studies with a single or double arm were considered eligible. Interventional studies were included when providing baseline data. Both studies on pre- and post-menopausal women were screened; however, data on menopausal women were not sufficient to perform a meta-analysis. Studies on pre-pubertal girls were considered separately. Eighty-one papers were included in the meta-analysis. Results The mean ovarian volume was 6.11 [5.81-6.42] ml in healthy women in reproductive age (5.81-6.42) and 1.67 ml [1.02-2.32] in pre-pubertal girls. In reproductive age, the mean follicular count was 8.04 [7.26-8.82] when calculated in the whole ovary and 5.88 [5.20-6.56] in an ovarian section, and the mean ovarian PI was 1.86 [1.35-2.37]. Age and the frequency of the transducers partly modulated these values. In particular, the 25-30-year group showed the higher mean follicular count (9.27 [7.71-10.82]), followed by a progressive age-related reduction (5.67 [2.23-9.12] in fertile women > 35 years). A significant difference in follicular count was also found according to the transducer's upper MHz limit. Conclusion Our findings provide a significant input to improve the interpretation and diagnostic accuracy of ovarian ultrasound parameters in different physiological and pathological settings.

Moro, F., Scavello, I., Maseroli, E., Rastrelli, G., Baima Poma, C., Bonin, C., Dassie, F., Federici, S., Fiengo, S., Guccione, L., Villani, M., Gambineri, A., Mioni, R., Moghetti, P., Moretti, C., Persani, L., Scambia, G., Giorgino, F., Vignozzi, L., The physiological sonographic features of the ovary in healthy subjects: a joint systematic review and meta-analysis by the Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (SIGO) and the Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE), <<JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION>>, 2023; 46 (3): 439-456. [doi:10.1007/s40618-022-01939-8] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/231247]

The physiological sonographic features of the ovary in healthy subjects: a joint systematic review and meta-analysis by the Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (SIGO) and the Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE)

Moro, Francesca;Federici, Sara;Guccione, Laura;Moretti, Claudia;Scambia, Giovanni;
2023

Abstract

Purpose There is a lack of uniformity in the definition of normal ovary ultrasound parameters. Our aim was to summarize and meta-analyze the evidence on the topic. Full-text English articles published through December 31, 2020 were retrieved via MEDLINE and Embase. Data available for meta-analysis included: ovarian follicular count, ovarian volume, and ovarian Pulsatility Index (PI) assessed by Doppler ultrasound. Methods Cohort, cross-sectional, prospective studies with a single or double arm were considered eligible. Interventional studies were included when providing baseline data. Both studies on pre- and post-menopausal women were screened; however, data on menopausal women were not sufficient to perform a meta-analysis. Studies on pre-pubertal girls were considered separately. Eighty-one papers were included in the meta-analysis. Results The mean ovarian volume was 6.11 [5.81-6.42] ml in healthy women in reproductive age (5.81-6.42) and 1.67 ml [1.02-2.32] in pre-pubertal girls. In reproductive age, the mean follicular count was 8.04 [7.26-8.82] when calculated in the whole ovary and 5.88 [5.20-6.56] in an ovarian section, and the mean ovarian PI was 1.86 [1.35-2.37]. Age and the frequency of the transducers partly modulated these values. In particular, the 25-30-year group showed the higher mean follicular count (9.27 [7.71-10.82]), followed by a progressive age-related reduction (5.67 [2.23-9.12] in fertile women > 35 years). A significant difference in follicular count was also found according to the transducer's upper MHz limit. Conclusion Our findings provide a significant input to improve the interpretation and diagnostic accuracy of ovarian ultrasound parameters in different physiological and pathological settings.
2023
Inglese
Moro, F., Scavello, I., Maseroli, E., Rastrelli, G., Baima Poma, C., Bonin, C., Dassie, F., Federici, S., Fiengo, S., Guccione, L., Villani, M., Gambineri, A., Mioni, R., Moghetti, P., Moretti, C., Persani, L., Scambia, G., Giorgino, F., Vignozzi, L., The physiological sonographic features of the ovary in healthy subjects: a joint systematic review and meta-analysis by the Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (SIGO) and the Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE), <<JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION>>, 2023; 46 (3): 439-456. [doi:10.1007/s40618-022-01939-8] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/231247]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/231247
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact