Evidence relative to facial emotion recognition and the role played by alexithymia in fibromyalgia syndrome is rare and heterogeneous. In this work, we investigated this ability in fibromyalgia investigating the implicit behaviour in the facial emotion recognition task, focusing on fear and anger. Twenty women with fibromyalgia and twenty healthy women as controls performed a facial emotion recognition of fearful and angry expressions. Their implicit behaviour was scored in accordance with the redundant target effect. The level of alexithymic traits through a standard psychological questionnaire and its effect on behavioral performance were also assessed. Participants affected by fibromyalgia reported a lower level of accuracy in recognizing fearful and angry expressions, in comparison with the controls. Crucially, such a difference was not explained by the different levels of alexithymic traits between groups. Our results agreed with some previous evidence suggesting an altered recognition of others’ emotional facial expressions in fibromyalgia syndrome. Considering the role of emotion recognition on social cognition and psychological well-being in fibromyalgia, we underlined the crucial role of emotional difficulties in the onset and maintenance of the symptoms life-span.

Scarpina, F., Ghiggia, A., Vaioli, G., Varallo, G., Capodaglio, P., Arreghini, M., Castelnuovo, G., Mauro, A., Castelli, L., Altered recognition of fearful and angry facial expressions in women with fibromyalgia syndrome: an experimental case–control study, <<SCIENTIFIC REPORTS>>, 2022; 12 (1): 1-14. [doi:10.1038/s41598-022-25824-9] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230885]

Altered recognition of fearful and angry facial expressions in women with fibromyalgia syndrome: an experimental case–control study

Varallo, Giorgia;Castelnuovo, Gianluca;
2022

Abstract

Evidence relative to facial emotion recognition and the role played by alexithymia in fibromyalgia syndrome is rare and heterogeneous. In this work, we investigated this ability in fibromyalgia investigating the implicit behaviour in the facial emotion recognition task, focusing on fear and anger. Twenty women with fibromyalgia and twenty healthy women as controls performed a facial emotion recognition of fearful and angry expressions. Their implicit behaviour was scored in accordance with the redundant target effect. The level of alexithymic traits through a standard psychological questionnaire and its effect on behavioral performance were also assessed. Participants affected by fibromyalgia reported a lower level of accuracy in recognizing fearful and angry expressions, in comparison with the controls. Crucially, such a difference was not explained by the different levels of alexithymic traits between groups. Our results agreed with some previous evidence suggesting an altered recognition of others’ emotional facial expressions in fibromyalgia syndrome. Considering the role of emotion recognition on social cognition and psychological well-being in fibromyalgia, we underlined the crucial role of emotional difficulties in the onset and maintenance of the symptoms life-span.
2022
Inglese
Scarpina, F., Ghiggia, A., Vaioli, G., Varallo, G., Capodaglio, P., Arreghini, M., Castelnuovo, G., Mauro, A., Castelli, L., Altered recognition of fearful and angry facial expressions in women with fibromyalgia syndrome: an experimental case–control study, <<SCIENTIFIC REPORTS>>, 2022; 12 (1): 1-14. [doi:10.1038/s41598-022-25824-9] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230885]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230885
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