Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are two pathologies that share a bidirectional causal nexus, as CDI is known to have an aggravating effect on IBD and IBD is a known risk factor for CDI. The colonic involvement in IBD not only renders the host more prone to an initial CDI development but also to further recurrences. Furthermore, IBD flares, which are predominantly set off by a CDI, not only create a need for therapy escalation but also prolong hospital stay. For these reasons, adequate and comprehensive management of CDI is of paramount importance in patients with IBD. Microbiological diagnosis, correct evaluation of clinical status, and consideration of different treatment options (from antibiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation to monoclonal antibodies) carry pivotal importance. Thus, the aim of this article is to review the risk factors, diagnosis, and management of CDI in patients with IBD.

Del Vecchio, L. E., Fiorani, M., Tohumcu, E., Bibbò, S., Porcari, S., Mele, M. C., Pizzoferrato, M., Gasbarrini, A., Cammarota, G., Ianiro, G., Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Management of Clostridioides difficile Infection in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease, <<MICROORGANISMS>>, N/A; 10 (7): 1315-N/A. [doi:10.3390/microorganisms10071315] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230828]

Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Management of Clostridioides difficile Infection in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Del Vecchio, Livio Enrico;Fiorani, Marcello;Porcari, Serena;Mele, Maria Cristina;Pizzoferrato, Marco;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Cammarota, Giovanni;Ianiro, Gianluca
2022

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are two pathologies that share a bidirectional causal nexus, as CDI is known to have an aggravating effect on IBD and IBD is a known risk factor for CDI. The colonic involvement in IBD not only renders the host more prone to an initial CDI development but also to further recurrences. Furthermore, IBD flares, which are predominantly set off by a CDI, not only create a need for therapy escalation but also prolong hospital stay. For these reasons, adequate and comprehensive management of CDI is of paramount importance in patients with IBD. Microbiological diagnosis, correct evaluation of clinical status, and consideration of different treatment options (from antibiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation to monoclonal antibodies) carry pivotal importance. Thus, the aim of this article is to review the risk factors, diagnosis, and management of CDI in patients with IBD.
2022
Inglese
Del Vecchio, L. E., Fiorani, M., Tohumcu, E., Bibbò, S., Porcari, S., Mele, M. C., Pizzoferrato, M., Gasbarrini, A., Cammarota, G., Ianiro, G., Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Management of Clostridioides difficile Infection in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease, <<MICROORGANISMS>>, N/A; 10 (7): 1315-N/A. [doi:10.3390/microorganisms10071315] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230828]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230828
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