Miscanthus, a C4 perennial rhizomatous grass from Asia is a leading candidate for the supply of sustainable biomass needed to grow the bioeconomy. European Miscanthus breeding programmes have recently produced a new range of seeded hybrids with the objective of increasing scalability to large acreages limited by current clonal propagation. For the EU-GRACE project, new replicated field trials were established in seven locations across Europe in 2018 with eight intraspecific M. sinensis hybrids (sin × sin) and six M. sacchariflorus × M. sinensis (sac × sin) from Dutch and UK breeding programmes, respectively, with clonal Miscanthus × giganteus. The planting density of the sin × sin was double that of sac × sin (30,000 & 15,000 plants ha−1), creating commercially relevant upscaling comparisons between systems. Over the first 3 years, the establishment depended on location and hybrid. The mature sin × sin hybrids formed tight tufts of shoots up to 2.5 m tall which flower and senesce earlier than the taller sac × sin hybrids. Following the third growing season, the highest yields were recorded in Northern Italy at a low altitude (average 13.7 (max 21) Mg DM ha−1) and the lowest yielding was on the industrially damaged marginal land site in Northern France (average 7.0 (max 10) Mg DM ha−1). Moisture contents at spring harvest were lowest in Croatia (21.7%) and highest in Wales, UK (41.6%). Overall, lower moisture contents at harvest, which are highly desirable for transport, storage and for most end-use applications, were found in sin × sin hybrids than sac × sin (30% and 40%, respectively). Yield depended on climate interactions with the hybrid and their associated planting systems. The sin × sin hybrids appeared better adapted to northern Europe and sac × sin hybrids to southern Europe. Longer-term yield observations over crop lifespans will be needed to explore the biological (yield persistence) and economic costs and benefits of the different hybrid systems.

Awty-Carroll, D., Magenau, E., Alhassan, M., Martani, E., Kontek, M., Van Der Pluijm, P., Ashman, C., De Maupeou, E., Mccalmont, J., Petrie, G. -., Davey, C., Van Der Cruijsen, K., Jurisic, V., Amaducci, S., Lamy, I., Shepherd, A., Kam, J., Hoogendam, A., Croci, M., Dolstra, O., Ferrarini, A., Lewandowski, I., Trindade, L. M., Kiesel, A., Clifton-Brown, J., Yield performance of 14 novel inter- and intra-species Miscanthus hybrids across Europe, <<GCB BIOENERGY>>, 2022; 15 (4): 399-423. [doi:10.1111/gcbb.13026] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230633]

Yield performance of 14 novel inter- and intra-species Miscanthus hybrids across Europe

Martani, Enrico;Amaducci, Stefano;Croci, Michele;Ferrarini, Andrea;
2023

Abstract

Miscanthus, a C4 perennial rhizomatous grass from Asia is a leading candidate for the supply of sustainable biomass needed to grow the bioeconomy. European Miscanthus breeding programmes have recently produced a new range of seeded hybrids with the objective of increasing scalability to large acreages limited by current clonal propagation. For the EU-GRACE project, new replicated field trials were established in seven locations across Europe in 2018 with eight intraspecific M. sinensis hybrids (sin × sin) and six M. sacchariflorus × M. sinensis (sac × sin) from Dutch and UK breeding programmes, respectively, with clonal Miscanthus × giganteus. The planting density of the sin × sin was double that of sac × sin (30,000 & 15,000 plants ha−1), creating commercially relevant upscaling comparisons between systems. Over the first 3 years, the establishment depended on location and hybrid. The mature sin × sin hybrids formed tight tufts of shoots up to 2.5 m tall which flower and senesce earlier than the taller sac × sin hybrids. Following the third growing season, the highest yields were recorded in Northern Italy at a low altitude (average 13.7 (max 21) Mg DM ha−1) and the lowest yielding was on the industrially damaged marginal land site in Northern France (average 7.0 (max 10) Mg DM ha−1). Moisture contents at spring harvest were lowest in Croatia (21.7%) and highest in Wales, UK (41.6%). Overall, lower moisture contents at harvest, which are highly desirable for transport, storage and for most end-use applications, were found in sin × sin hybrids than sac × sin (30% and 40%, respectively). Yield depended on climate interactions with the hybrid and their associated planting systems. The sin × sin hybrids appeared better adapted to northern Europe and sac × sin hybrids to southern Europe. Longer-term yield observations over crop lifespans will be needed to explore the biological (yield persistence) and economic costs and benefits of the different hybrid systems.
2023
Inglese
Awty-Carroll, D., Magenau, E., Alhassan, M., Martani, E., Kontek, M., Van Der Pluijm, P., Ashman, C., De Maupeou, E., Mccalmont, J., Petrie, G. -., Davey, C., Van Der Cruijsen, K., Jurisic, V., Amaducci, S., Lamy, I., Shepherd, A., Kam, J., Hoogendam, A., Croci, M., Dolstra, O., Ferrarini, A., Lewandowski, I., Trindade, L. M., Kiesel, A., Clifton-Brown, J., Yield performance of 14 novel inter- and intra-species Miscanthus hybrids across Europe, <<GCB BIOENERGY>>, 2022; 15 (4): 399-423. [doi:10.1111/gcbb.13026] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230633]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Awty-Carroll et al. 2023.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia file ?: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 18.15 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
18.15 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/230633
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact