Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells have been shown to play a crucial role in controlling tumor progression. However, the recruitment and activation of these immune cells at the tumor site are strictly dependent on several factors, including the presence of dendritic cells (DCs), the main orchestrators of the antitumor immune responses. Among the various DC subsets, the role of cDC1s has been demonstrated in several preclinical experimental mouse models. In addition, the high density of tumor-infiltrating cDC1s has been associated with improved survival in many cancer patients. The ability of cDC1s to modulate antitumor activity depends on their interaction with other immune populations, such as NK cells. This evidence has led to the development of new strategies aimed at increasing the abundance and activity of cDC1s in tumors, thus providing attractive new avenues to enhance antitumor immunity for both established and novel anticancer immunotherapies. In this review, we provide an overview of the various subsets of DCs, focusing in particular on the role of cDC1s, their ability to interact with other intratumoral immune cells, and their prognostic significance on solid tumors. Finally, we outline key therapeutic strategies that promote the immunogenic functions of DCs in cancer immunotherapy.

Lucarini, V., Melaiu, O., Tempora, P., D'Amico, S., Locatelli, F., Fruci, D., Dendritic cells: Behind the scenes of t-cell infiltration into the tumor microenvironment, <<CANCERS>>, 2021; 13 (3): 1-22. [doi:10.3390/cancers13030433] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229520]

Dendritic cells: Behind the scenes of t-cell infiltration into the tumor microenvironment

Locatelli, Franco
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021

Abstract

Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells have been shown to play a crucial role in controlling tumor progression. However, the recruitment and activation of these immune cells at the tumor site are strictly dependent on several factors, including the presence of dendritic cells (DCs), the main orchestrators of the antitumor immune responses. Among the various DC subsets, the role of cDC1s has been demonstrated in several preclinical experimental mouse models. In addition, the high density of tumor-infiltrating cDC1s has been associated with improved survival in many cancer patients. The ability of cDC1s to modulate antitumor activity depends on their interaction with other immune populations, such as NK cells. This evidence has led to the development of new strategies aimed at increasing the abundance and activity of cDC1s in tumors, thus providing attractive new avenues to enhance antitumor immunity for both established and novel anticancer immunotherapies. In this review, we provide an overview of the various subsets of DCs, focusing in particular on the role of cDC1s, their ability to interact with other intratumoral immune cells, and their prognostic significance on solid tumors. Finally, we outline key therapeutic strategies that promote the immunogenic functions of DCs in cancer immunotherapy.
2021
Inglese
Lucarini, V., Melaiu, O., Tempora, P., D'Amico, S., Locatelli, F., Fruci, D., Dendritic cells: Behind the scenes of t-cell infiltration into the tumor microenvironment, <<CANCERS>>, 2021; 13 (3): 1-22. [doi:10.3390/cancers13030433] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229520]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229520
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