In the pediatric population, BCL6-correpresor gene (BCOR)-upregulated tumors include primitive myxoid mesenchymal tumors/undifferentiated sarcomas (PMMTI/UND), clear cell sarcomas of the kidney (CCSK), and high-grade neuroepithelial tumors (HG-NET). We investigated DNA methylation (DNAm) and copy number variation (CNV) profiling in these tumors (N = 34) using an Illumina EPIC BeadChip to better define the potential use of these tools to confirm diagnosis and predict outcomes. Twenty-seven tumors from 25 patients (age range, 0-10 years), showed molecular confirmation of genetic abnormalities as follows: BCOR internal tandem duplication in 14 PMMTI/UND, 8 CCSK, and 3 HG-NET and YWHAE fusions in 2 PMMTI/UND. The remaining 7 cases lacking informative molecular data were analyzed by immunophenotyping and were included in the study as a training cohort, clearly separated from the main study group. These were 4 PMMTI, 1 HG-NET, and 1 CCSK in which poor RNA preservation precluded the confirmation of BCOR rearrangements and 1 CCSK in which no rearrangements were found. DNAm data were compared with those of brain tumor and/or sarcoma classifier. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were analyzed in the 3 groups. Twenty-two cases of the 24 molecularly confirmed PMMTI/UND and CCSK and 3 of 6 of those with only immunophenotyping were classified within the methylation class "BCOR-altered sarcoma family" with optimal calibrated scores. PMMTI/UND and CCSK showed similar methylation profiles, whereas thousands of DMRs and significantly enriched pathways were evident between soft tissue/kidney tumors and HG-NET. The CNV analysis showed an overall flat profile in 19 of the 31 evaluable tumors (8/10 CCSK; 9/18 PMMTI/UND; 2/4 HG-NET). The most frequent CNVs were 1q gain and 9p and 10q loss. Follow-up time data were available for 20 patients: ≥2 CNV significantly correlated with a worse overall survival rate. In conclusion, soft tissue and kidney BCOR sarcomas matched with BCOR-altered sarcoma methylation class, whereas those from the brain matched with the central nervous system tumor classifier HG-NET BCOR, supporting the notion that DNAm profiling is an informative diagnostic tool. CNV alterations were associated with a more aggressive clinical behavior.

Salgado, C. M., Alaggio, R., Ciolfi, A., Zin, A., Diomedi Camassei, F., Pedace, L., Milano, G. M., Serra, A., Di Giannatale, A., Mastronuzzi, A., Gianatti, A., Bisogno, G., Ferrari, A., Tartaglia, M., Reyes-Mugica, M., Locatelli, F., Miele, E., Pediatric BCOR-Altered Tumors From Soft Tissue/Kidney Display Specific DNA Methylation Profiles, <<MODERN PATHOLOGY>>, 2023; 36 (2): 1-12. [doi:10.1016/j.modpat.2022.100039] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229167]

Pediatric BCOR-Altered Tumors From Soft Tissue/Kidney Display Specific DNA Methylation Profiles

Locatelli, Franco
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2023

Abstract

In the pediatric population, BCL6-correpresor gene (BCOR)-upregulated tumors include primitive myxoid mesenchymal tumors/undifferentiated sarcomas (PMMTI/UND), clear cell sarcomas of the kidney (CCSK), and high-grade neuroepithelial tumors (HG-NET). We investigated DNA methylation (DNAm) and copy number variation (CNV) profiling in these tumors (N = 34) using an Illumina EPIC BeadChip to better define the potential use of these tools to confirm diagnosis and predict outcomes. Twenty-seven tumors from 25 patients (age range, 0-10 years), showed molecular confirmation of genetic abnormalities as follows: BCOR internal tandem duplication in 14 PMMTI/UND, 8 CCSK, and 3 HG-NET and YWHAE fusions in 2 PMMTI/UND. The remaining 7 cases lacking informative molecular data were analyzed by immunophenotyping and were included in the study as a training cohort, clearly separated from the main study group. These were 4 PMMTI, 1 HG-NET, and 1 CCSK in which poor RNA preservation precluded the confirmation of BCOR rearrangements and 1 CCSK in which no rearrangements were found. DNAm data were compared with those of brain tumor and/or sarcoma classifier. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were analyzed in the 3 groups. Twenty-two cases of the 24 molecularly confirmed PMMTI/UND and CCSK and 3 of 6 of those with only immunophenotyping were classified within the methylation class "BCOR-altered sarcoma family" with optimal calibrated scores. PMMTI/UND and CCSK showed similar methylation profiles, whereas thousands of DMRs and significantly enriched pathways were evident between soft tissue/kidney tumors and HG-NET. The CNV analysis showed an overall flat profile in 19 of the 31 evaluable tumors (8/10 CCSK; 9/18 PMMTI/UND; 2/4 HG-NET). The most frequent CNVs were 1q gain and 9p and 10q loss. Follow-up time data were available for 20 patients: ≥2 CNV significantly correlated with a worse overall survival rate. In conclusion, soft tissue and kidney BCOR sarcomas matched with BCOR-altered sarcoma methylation class, whereas those from the brain matched with the central nervous system tumor classifier HG-NET BCOR, supporting the notion that DNAm profiling is an informative diagnostic tool. CNV alterations were associated with a more aggressive clinical behavior.
2023
Inglese
Salgado, C. M., Alaggio, R., Ciolfi, A., Zin, A., Diomedi Camassei, F., Pedace, L., Milano, G. M., Serra, A., Di Giannatale, A., Mastronuzzi, A., Gianatti, A., Bisogno, G., Ferrari, A., Tartaglia, M., Reyes-Mugica, M., Locatelli, F., Miele, E., Pediatric BCOR-Altered Tumors From Soft Tissue/Kidney Display Specific DNA Methylation Profiles, <<MODERN PATHOLOGY>>, 2023; 36 (2): 1-12. [doi:10.1016/j.modpat.2022.100039] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229167]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229167
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact