Heart failure (HF) represents a major health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. In the latest years, many efforts have been made to search for more effective strategies to prevent and modify the course of this disease, but results are still not satisfying. HF represents a complex clinical syndrome involving many other systems, including the gastrointestinal system. Although the relationship between the gut and HF is far from being fully understood, based on recent evidence highlighting the putative role of the gastrointestinal system in different cardiovascular diseases, it is conceivable that the gut-heart link may represent the basis for novel therapeutic approaches in the HF context as well. This intricate interplay involving typical hemodynamic changes and their consequences on gut morphology, permeability, and function, sets the stage for alterations in microbiota composition and is able to impact mechanisms of HF through different routes such as bacterial translocation and metabolic pathways. Thus, the modulation of the gut microbiota through diet, probiotics, and fecal transplantation has been suggested as a potential therapeutic approach. More interestingly, another effect of alteration in microbiota composition reflects in the upregulation of cotransporters (NHE3) with consequent salt and fluid overload and worsening visceral congestion. Therefore, the inhibitors of this cotransporter may also represent a novel therapeutic frontier. By review of recent data on this topic, we describe the current state of the complex interplay between the gastrointestinal and cardiac systems in HF, and the relevance of this knowledge in seeking new therapeutic strategies.

Gallo, A., Macerola, N., Favuzzi, A. M. R., Nicolazzi, M. A., Gasbarrini, A., Montalto, M., The Gut in Heart Failure: Current Knowledge and Novel Frontiers, <<MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE>>, 2022; 31 (3): 203-214. [doi:10.1159/000522284] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229039]

The Gut in Heart Failure: Current Knowledge and Novel Frontiers

Gallo, Antonella;Macerola, Noemi;Favuzzi, Angela Maria Rita;Nicolazzi, Maria Anna;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Montalto, Massimo
2022

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) represents a major health problem affecting millions of people worldwide. In the latest years, many efforts have been made to search for more effective strategies to prevent and modify the course of this disease, but results are still not satisfying. HF represents a complex clinical syndrome involving many other systems, including the gastrointestinal system. Although the relationship between the gut and HF is far from being fully understood, based on recent evidence highlighting the putative role of the gastrointestinal system in different cardiovascular diseases, it is conceivable that the gut-heart link may represent the basis for novel therapeutic approaches in the HF context as well. This intricate interplay involving typical hemodynamic changes and their consequences on gut morphology, permeability, and function, sets the stage for alterations in microbiota composition and is able to impact mechanisms of HF through different routes such as bacterial translocation and metabolic pathways. Thus, the modulation of the gut microbiota through diet, probiotics, and fecal transplantation has been suggested as a potential therapeutic approach. More interestingly, another effect of alteration in microbiota composition reflects in the upregulation of cotransporters (NHE3) with consequent salt and fluid overload and worsening visceral congestion. Therefore, the inhibitors of this cotransporter may also represent a novel therapeutic frontier. By review of recent data on this topic, we describe the current state of the complex interplay between the gastrointestinal and cardiac systems in HF, and the relevance of this knowledge in seeking new therapeutic strategies.
2022
Inglese
Gallo, A., Macerola, N., Favuzzi, A. M. R., Nicolazzi, M. A., Gasbarrini, A., Montalto, M., The Gut in Heart Failure: Current Knowledge and Novel Frontiers, <<MEDICAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE>>, 2022; 31 (3): 203-214. [doi:10.1159/000522284] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229039]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229039
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