Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, mainly in older and frail subjects. Early identification of outcome predictors, starting from emergency department (ED) admission, could help to improve their management. In a retrospective single-center study on patients accessing the ED for diarrhea and hospitalized with a diagnosis of CDI infection, the patients' clinical history, presenting symptoms, vital signs, and laboratory exams at ED admission were recorded. Quick sequential organ failure assessments (qSOFA) were conducted and Charlson's comorbidity indices (CCI) were calculated. The primary outcomes were represented by all-cause in-hospital death and the occurrence of major cumulative complications. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to establish predictive risk factors for poor outcomes. Out of 450 patients, aged > 81 years, dyspnea at ED admission, creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL, white blood cell count > 13.31 x 10(9)/L, and albumin < 30 mu mol/L were independently associated with in-hospital death and major complications (except for low albumin). Both in-hospital death and major complications were not associated with multimorbidity. In patients with CDI, the risk of in-hospital death and major complications could be effectively predicted upon ED admission. Patients in their 8th decade have an increased risk independent of comorbidities.

Covino, M., Gallo, A., Pero, E., Simeoni, B., Macerola, N., Murace, C. A., Ibba, F., Landi, F., Franceschi, F., Montalto, M., Early Prognostic Stratification of Clostridioides difficile Infection in the Emergency Department: The Role of Age and Comorbidities, <<JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE>>, 2022; 12 (10): 1573-N/A. [doi:10.3390/jpm12101573] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229033]

Early Prognostic Stratification of Clostridioides difficile Infection in the Emergency Department: The Role of Age and Comorbidities

Covino, Marcello;Gallo, Antonella;Pero, Erika;Macerola, Noemi;Murace, Celeste Ambra;Ibba, Francesca;Landi, Francesco;Franceschi, Francesco;Montalto, Massimo
2022

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, mainly in older and frail subjects. Early identification of outcome predictors, starting from emergency department (ED) admission, could help to improve their management. In a retrospective single-center study on patients accessing the ED for diarrhea and hospitalized with a diagnosis of CDI infection, the patients' clinical history, presenting symptoms, vital signs, and laboratory exams at ED admission were recorded. Quick sequential organ failure assessments (qSOFA) were conducted and Charlson's comorbidity indices (CCI) were calculated. The primary outcomes were represented by all-cause in-hospital death and the occurrence of major cumulative complications. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to establish predictive risk factors for poor outcomes. Out of 450 patients, aged > 81 years, dyspnea at ED admission, creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL, white blood cell count > 13.31 x 10(9)/L, and albumin < 30 mu mol/L were independently associated with in-hospital death and major complications (except for low albumin). Both in-hospital death and major complications were not associated with multimorbidity. In patients with CDI, the risk of in-hospital death and major complications could be effectively predicted upon ED admission. Patients in their 8th decade have an increased risk independent of comorbidities.
2022
Inglese
Covino, M., Gallo, A., Pero, E., Simeoni, B., Macerola, N., Murace, C. A., Ibba, F., Landi, F., Franceschi, F., Montalto, M., Early Prognostic Stratification of Clostridioides difficile Infection in the Emergency Department: The Role of Age and Comorbidities, <<JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE>>, 2022; 12 (10): 1573-N/A. [doi:10.3390/jpm12101573] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229033]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229033
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