Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory chronic skin disease typically associated with atopic comorbidities and other non-atopic conditions such as sleep disturbances, and mood/anxiety disorders. A growing literature proposed a crucial role of sleep disturbances in the development of mental health problems in AD. We tested this assumption by mediation model analyses in adult AD patients. A total of 57 patients (mean age ± std. dev., 34.28 ± 13.07 years; 27 males; range 18–67 years) diagnosed with AD participated in a cross-sectional study. We evaluated self-perceived severity of AD, insomnia, depression, and anxiety symptoms using validated questionnaires: the Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Beck Depression Inventory-second edition (BDI-II), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale (GAD-7), respectively. Two mediation models were performed, testing the mediation effect of insomnia symptoms on the relationship between AD severity and depression (model 1) and anxiety (model 2). AD symptoms, as expressed by POEM, were positively associated with insomnia, depression, and anxiety severity. Insomnia fully mediated the effect of AD severity on depression and anxiety. Specifically, insomnia accounted for 81.64% of the relationship between atopic eczema severity and depression, and for 81.84% of the effect of AD severity on anxiety symptoms. The present study proposed a critical role of insomnia in predisposing adult AD patients to experience depression and anxiety. Early interventions focused on treating sleep disturbances could indirectly be beneficial on mental health of patients with AD, counteracting the onset and exacerbation of anxiety and depression disorders.

Salfi, F., Amicucci, G., Ferrara, M., Tempesta, D., De Berardinis, A., Chiricozzi, A., Peris, K., Fargnoli, M. C., Esposito, M., The role of insomnia in the vulnerability to depressive and anxiety symptoms in atopic dermatitis adult patients, <<ARCHIVES OF DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH>>, 2023; (february): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1007/s00403-023-02538-0] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229022]

The role of insomnia in the vulnerability to depressive and anxiety symptoms in atopic dermatitis adult patients

Chiricozzi, Andrea;Peris, Ketty;Fargnoli, Maria Concetta;
2023

Abstract

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory chronic skin disease typically associated with atopic comorbidities and other non-atopic conditions such as sleep disturbances, and mood/anxiety disorders. A growing literature proposed a crucial role of sleep disturbances in the development of mental health problems in AD. We tested this assumption by mediation model analyses in adult AD patients. A total of 57 patients (mean age ± std. dev., 34.28 ± 13.07 years; 27 males; range 18–67 years) diagnosed with AD participated in a cross-sectional study. We evaluated self-perceived severity of AD, insomnia, depression, and anxiety symptoms using validated questionnaires: the Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Beck Depression Inventory-second edition (BDI-II), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale (GAD-7), respectively. Two mediation models were performed, testing the mediation effect of insomnia symptoms on the relationship between AD severity and depression (model 1) and anxiety (model 2). AD symptoms, as expressed by POEM, were positively associated with insomnia, depression, and anxiety severity. Insomnia fully mediated the effect of AD severity on depression and anxiety. Specifically, insomnia accounted for 81.64% of the relationship between atopic eczema severity and depression, and for 81.84% of the effect of AD severity on anxiety symptoms. The present study proposed a critical role of insomnia in predisposing adult AD patients to experience depression and anxiety. Early interventions focused on treating sleep disturbances could indirectly be beneficial on mental health of patients with AD, counteracting the onset and exacerbation of anxiety and depression disorders.
2023
Inglese
Salfi, F., Amicucci, G., Ferrara, M., Tempesta, D., De Berardinis, A., Chiricozzi, A., Peris, K., Fargnoli, M. C., Esposito, M., The role of insomnia in the vulnerability to depressive and anxiety symptoms in atopic dermatitis adult patients, <<ARCHIVES OF DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH>>, 2023; (february): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1007/s00403-023-02538-0] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229022]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/229022
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