Transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia (TDT) and sickle cell disease (SCD) are severe monogenic diseases with severe and potentially life-threatening manifestations. BCL11A is a transcription factor that represses ã-globin expression and fetal hemoglobin in erythroid cells. We performed electroporation of CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells obtained from healthy donors, with CRISPR-Cas9 targeting the BCL11A erythroid-specific enhancer. Approximately 80% of the alleles at this locus were modified, with no evidence of off-target editing. After undergoing myeloablation, two patients-one with TDT and the other with SCD-received autologous CD34+ cells edited with CRISPR-Cas9 targeting the same BCL11A enhancer. More than a year later, both patients had high levels of allelic editing in bone marrow and blood, increases in fetal hemoglobin that were distributed pancellularly, transfusion independence, and (in the patient with SCD) elimination of vaso-occlusive episodes.

Frangoul, H., Altshuler, D., Cappellini, M. D., Chen, Y. -., Domm, J., Eustace, B. K., Foell, J., De La Fuente, J., Grupp, S., Handgretinger, R., Ho, T. W., Kattamis, A., Kernytsky, A., Lekstrom-Himes, J., Li, A. M., Locatelli, F., Mapara, M. Y., De Montalembert, M., Rondelli, D., Sharma, A., Sheth, S., Soni, S., Steinberg, M. H., Wall, D., Yen, A., Corbacioglu, S., CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing for sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia, <<NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE>>, 2021; 384 (3): 252-260. [doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2031054] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/228473]

CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing for sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia

Locatelli, Franco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021

Abstract

Transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia (TDT) and sickle cell disease (SCD) are severe monogenic diseases with severe and potentially life-threatening manifestations. BCL11A is a transcription factor that represses ã-globin expression and fetal hemoglobin in erythroid cells. We performed electroporation of CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells obtained from healthy donors, with CRISPR-Cas9 targeting the BCL11A erythroid-specific enhancer. Approximately 80% of the alleles at this locus were modified, with no evidence of off-target editing. After undergoing myeloablation, two patients-one with TDT and the other with SCD-received autologous CD34+ cells edited with CRISPR-Cas9 targeting the same BCL11A enhancer. More than a year later, both patients had high levels of allelic editing in bone marrow and blood, increases in fetal hemoglobin that were distributed pancellularly, transfusion independence, and (in the patient with SCD) elimination of vaso-occlusive episodes.
2021
Inglese
Frangoul, H., Altshuler, D., Cappellini, M. D., Chen, Y. -., Domm, J., Eustace, B. K., Foell, J., De La Fuente, J., Grupp, S., Handgretinger, R., Ho, T. W., Kattamis, A., Kernytsky, A., Lekstrom-Himes, J., Li, A. M., Locatelli, F., Mapara, M. Y., De Montalembert, M., Rondelli, D., Sharma, A., Sheth, S., Soni, S., Steinberg, M. H., Wall, D., Yen, A., Corbacioglu, S., CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing for sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia, <<NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE>>, 2021; 384 (3): 252-260. [doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2031054] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/228473]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/228473
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