Background: Despite intensive risk-based treatment protocols, 15% of paediatric patients with B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (BCP-ALL) experience relapse. There is urgent need of novel strategies to target poor prognosis subgroups, like PAX5 translocated. Methods: We considered 289 childhood BCP-ALL cases consecutively enrolled in Italy in the AIEOP-BFM ALL2000/R2006 protocols and we performed extensive molecular profiling, integrating gene expression, copy number analyses and fusion genes discovery by target-capture NGS. We developed preclinical strategies to target PAX5 fusion genes. Findings: We identified 135 cases without recurrent genetic rearrangements. Among them, 59 patients (43·7%) had a Ph-like signature; the remaining cases were identified as ERG-related (26%), High-Hyperdiploid-like (17%), ETV6::RUNX1-like (8·9%), MEF2D-rearranged (2·2%) or KMT2A-like (1·5%). A poor prognosis was associated with the Ph-like signature, independently from other high-risk features. Interestingly, PAX5 was altered in 54·4% of Ph-like compared to 16·2% of non-Ph-like cases, with 7 patients carrying PAX5 fusions (PAX5t), involving either novel (ALDH18A1, IKZF1, CDH13) or known (FBRSL1, AUTS2, DACH2) partner genes. PAX5t cases have a specific driver activity signature, extending to multiple pathways including LCK hyperactivation. Among FDA-approved drugs and inhibitors, we selected Dasatinib, Bosutinib and Foretinib, in addition to Nintedanib, known to be LCK ligands. We demonstrated the efficacy of the LCK-inhibitor BIBF1120/Nintedanib, as single agent or in combination with conventional chemotherapy, both ex vivo and in patient-derived xenograft model, showing a synergistic effect with dexamethasone. Interpretation: This study provides new insights in high-risk Ph-like leukaemia and identifies a potential therapy for targeting PAX5-fusion poor risk group. Funding: Ricerca Finalizzata-Giovani Ricercatori (Italian Ministry of Health), AIRC, Transcall, Fondazione Cariparo.

Fazio, G., Bresolin, S., Silvestri, D., Quadri, M., Saitta, C., Vendramini, E., Buldini, B., Palmi, C., Bardini, M., Grioni, A., Rigamonti, S., Galbiati, M., Mecca, S., Savino, A. M., Peloso, A., Tu, J. -., Bhatia, S., Borkhardt, A., Micalizzi, C., Lo Nigro, L., Locatelli, F., Conter, V., Rizzari, C., Valsecchi, M. G., Te Kronnie, G., Biondi, A., Cazzaniga, G., PAX5 fusion genes are frequent in poor risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and can be targeted with BIBF1120, <<EBIOMEDICINE>>, 2022; 83 (83): 1-17. [doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104224] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/228409]

PAX5 fusion genes are frequent in poor risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and can be targeted with BIBF1120

Locatelli, Franco
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2022

Abstract

Background: Despite intensive risk-based treatment protocols, 15% of paediatric patients with B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (BCP-ALL) experience relapse. There is urgent need of novel strategies to target poor prognosis subgroups, like PAX5 translocated. Methods: We considered 289 childhood BCP-ALL cases consecutively enrolled in Italy in the AIEOP-BFM ALL2000/R2006 protocols and we performed extensive molecular profiling, integrating gene expression, copy number analyses and fusion genes discovery by target-capture NGS. We developed preclinical strategies to target PAX5 fusion genes. Findings: We identified 135 cases without recurrent genetic rearrangements. Among them, 59 patients (43·7%) had a Ph-like signature; the remaining cases were identified as ERG-related (26%), High-Hyperdiploid-like (17%), ETV6::RUNX1-like (8·9%), MEF2D-rearranged (2·2%) or KMT2A-like (1·5%). A poor prognosis was associated with the Ph-like signature, independently from other high-risk features. Interestingly, PAX5 was altered in 54·4% of Ph-like compared to 16·2% of non-Ph-like cases, with 7 patients carrying PAX5 fusions (PAX5t), involving either novel (ALDH18A1, IKZF1, CDH13) or known (FBRSL1, AUTS2, DACH2) partner genes. PAX5t cases have a specific driver activity signature, extending to multiple pathways including LCK hyperactivation. Among FDA-approved drugs and inhibitors, we selected Dasatinib, Bosutinib and Foretinib, in addition to Nintedanib, known to be LCK ligands. We demonstrated the efficacy of the LCK-inhibitor BIBF1120/Nintedanib, as single agent or in combination with conventional chemotherapy, both ex vivo and in patient-derived xenograft model, showing a synergistic effect with dexamethasone. Interpretation: This study provides new insights in high-risk Ph-like leukaemia and identifies a potential therapy for targeting PAX5-fusion poor risk group. Funding: Ricerca Finalizzata-Giovani Ricercatori (Italian Ministry of Health), AIRC, Transcall, Fondazione Cariparo.
2022
Inglese
Fazio, G., Bresolin, S., Silvestri, D., Quadri, M., Saitta, C., Vendramini, E., Buldini, B., Palmi, C., Bardini, M., Grioni, A., Rigamonti, S., Galbiati, M., Mecca, S., Savino, A. M., Peloso, A., Tu, J. -., Bhatia, S., Borkhardt, A., Micalizzi, C., Lo Nigro, L., Locatelli, F., Conter, V., Rizzari, C., Valsecchi, M. G., Te Kronnie, G., Biondi, A., Cazzaniga, G., PAX5 fusion genes are frequent in poor risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and can be targeted with BIBF1120, <<EBIOMEDICINE>>, 2022; 83 (83): 1-17. [doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104224] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/228409]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/228409
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