The remarkable potential of breath analysis in medical care and diagnosis, and the consequent development of electronic noses, is currently attracting the interest of the research community. This is mainly due to the possibility of applying the technique for early diagnosis, screening campaigns, or tracking the effectiveness of treatment. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are known to be good candidates for gas sensing, and they have been recently considered for the development of electronic noses. The present work has the aim of reviewing the available literature on the development of CNTs-based electronic noses for breath analysis applications, detailing the functionalization procedure used to prepare the sensors, the breath sampling techniques, the statistical analysis methods, the diseases under investigation, and the population studied. The review is divided in two main sections: one focusing on the e-noses completely based on CNTs and one reporting on the e-noses that feature sensors based on CNTs, along with sensors based on other materials. Finally, a classification is presented among studies that report on the e-nose capability to discriminate biomarkers, simulated breath, and animal or human breath.

Freddi, S., Sangaletti, L. E., Trends in the Development of Electronic Noses Based on Carbon Nanotubes Chemiresistors for Breathomics, <<NANOMATERIALS>>, 2022; 12 (17): 2992-3017. [doi:10.3390/nano12172992] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227668]

Trends in the Development of Electronic Noses Based on Carbon Nanotubes Chemiresistors for Breathomics

Freddi, Sonia
Primo
;
Sangaletti, Luigi Ermenegildo
2022

Abstract

The remarkable potential of breath analysis in medical care and diagnosis, and the consequent development of electronic noses, is currently attracting the interest of the research community. This is mainly due to the possibility of applying the technique for early diagnosis, screening campaigns, or tracking the effectiveness of treatment. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are known to be good candidates for gas sensing, and they have been recently considered for the development of electronic noses. The present work has the aim of reviewing the available literature on the development of CNTs-based electronic noses for breath analysis applications, detailing the functionalization procedure used to prepare the sensors, the breath sampling techniques, the statistical analysis methods, the diseases under investigation, and the population studied. The review is divided in two main sections: one focusing on the e-noses completely based on CNTs and one reporting on the e-noses that feature sensors based on CNTs, along with sensors based on other materials. Finally, a classification is presented among studies that report on the e-nose capability to discriminate biomarkers, simulated breath, and animal or human breath.
2022
Inglese
Freddi, S., Sangaletti, L. E., Trends in the Development of Electronic Noses Based on Carbon Nanotubes Chemiresistors for Breathomics, <<NANOMATERIALS>>, 2022; 12 (17): 2992-3017. [doi:10.3390/nano12172992] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227668]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227668
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