Lung cancers driven by mutant forms of EGFR invariably develop resistance to kinase inhibitors, often due to secondary mutations. Here we describe an unconventional mechanism of resistance to dacomitinib, a newly approved covalent EGFR kinase inhibitor, and uncover a previously unknown step of resistance acquisition. Dacomitinib-resistant (DR) derivatives of lung cancer cells were established by means of gradually increasing dacomitinib concentrations. These DR cells acquired no secondary mutations in the kinase or other domains of EGFR. Along with resistance to other EGFR inhibitors, DR cells acquired features characteristic to epithelial–mesenchymal transition, including an expanded population of aldehyde dehydrogenase–positive cells and upregulation of AXL, a receptor previously implicated in drug resistance. Unexpectedly, when implanted in animals, DR cells reverted to a dacomitinib-sensitive state. Nevertheless, cell lines derived from regressing tumors displayed renewed resistance when cultured in vitro. Three-dimensional and cocultures along with additional analyses indicated lack of involvement of hypoxia, fibroblasts, and immune cells in phenotype reversal, implying that other host-dependent mechanisms might nullify nonmutational modes of resistance. Thus, similar to the phenotypic resistance of bacteria treated with antibiotics, the reversible resisters described here likely evolve from drug-tolerant persisters and give rise to the irreversible, secondary mutation–driven nonreversible resister state.

Haga, Y., Marrocco, I., Noronha, A., Uribe, M. L., Nataraj, N. B., Sekar, A., Drago-Garcia, D., Borgoni, S., Lindzen, M., Giri, S., Wiemann, S., Tsutsumi, Y., Yarden, Y., Host-dependent phenotypic resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, <<CANCER RESEARCH>>, 2021; 81 (14): 3862-3875. [doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-3555] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227175]

Host-dependent phenotypic resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Marrocco, Ilaria
Secondo
;
2021

Abstract

Lung cancers driven by mutant forms of EGFR invariably develop resistance to kinase inhibitors, often due to secondary mutations. Here we describe an unconventional mechanism of resistance to dacomitinib, a newly approved covalent EGFR kinase inhibitor, and uncover a previously unknown step of resistance acquisition. Dacomitinib-resistant (DR) derivatives of lung cancer cells were established by means of gradually increasing dacomitinib concentrations. These DR cells acquired no secondary mutations in the kinase or other domains of EGFR. Along with resistance to other EGFR inhibitors, DR cells acquired features characteristic to epithelial–mesenchymal transition, including an expanded population of aldehyde dehydrogenase–positive cells and upregulation of AXL, a receptor previously implicated in drug resistance. Unexpectedly, when implanted in animals, DR cells reverted to a dacomitinib-sensitive state. Nevertheless, cell lines derived from regressing tumors displayed renewed resistance when cultured in vitro. Three-dimensional and cocultures along with additional analyses indicated lack of involvement of hypoxia, fibroblasts, and immune cells in phenotype reversal, implying that other host-dependent mechanisms might nullify nonmutational modes of resistance. Thus, similar to the phenotypic resistance of bacteria treated with antibiotics, the reversible resisters described here likely evolve from drug-tolerant persisters and give rise to the irreversible, secondary mutation–driven nonreversible resister state.
2021
Inglese
Haga, Y., Marrocco, I., Noronha, A., Uribe, M. L., Nataraj, N. B., Sekar, A., Drago-Garcia, D., Borgoni, S., Lindzen, M., Giri, S., Wiemann, S., Tsutsumi, Y., Yarden, Y., Host-dependent phenotypic resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, <<CANCER RESEARCH>>, 2021; 81 (14): 3862-3875. [doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-3555] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227175]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/227175
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