Background: The lateral thoracic area is a known source for perforator flaps for partial breast reconstruction. In this paper, we report our experience in designing and harvesting lateral thoracic perforator flaps for partial and total breast reconstruction with the introduction of the "propuller" concept. Patients and methods: Between September 2013 and August 2021, 95 flaps were performed for immediate, partial and total breast reconstruction. On a total of 95 flaps, 30 (19 thoracodorsal artery perforator(TDAP) flaps, 10 lateral intercostal artery perforator(LICAP) flaps and 1 lateral thoracic artery perforator(LTAP) flap) were harvested in the traditional fashion (control group) and 65 (57 LICAP, 2 LTAP and 6 TDAP flaps) according to the propeller concept (study group). All cases were preoperatively planned with Color-Coded Duplex Ultrasound. Results: No flap losses were experienced in both groups. The mean operative time was 156 minutes (range 118-234) for the control group and 75 minutes (range 53-125) for the study group (p < 0.0001). A significantly higher number of LICAP flaps were chosen in the study group compared to control group. None of the patients had donor site complications. Patients' and Surgeons' satisfaction was high to very high. Conclusion: The ultrasound preoperative planning led to the development of an easier and safer method of local perforator flap harvesting, that we named as propuller design. Its novelty lies in that perforator intraoperative selection and fully skeletonization are not needed and a more efficient flap movement (propeller plus advancement) which transfers more tissue into the new breast can be achieved safely, faster and easier.

Visconti, G., Bianchi, A., Di Leone, A., Franceschini, G., Masetti, R., Salgarello, M., The Ultrasound Evolution of Lateral Thoracic Perforator Flaps Design and Harvest for Partial and Total Breast Reconstruction, <<AESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY>>, 2022; 2022 (dicembre): 1-11. [doi:10.1007/s00266-022-03208-8] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223932]

The Ultrasound Evolution of Lateral Thoracic Perforator Flaps Design and Harvest for Partial and Total Breast Reconstruction

Visconti, Giuseppe;Bianchi, Alessandro;Di Leone, Alba;Franceschini, Gianluca;Masetti, Riccardo;Salgarello, Marzia
2022

Abstract

Background: The lateral thoracic area is a known source for perforator flaps for partial breast reconstruction. In this paper, we report our experience in designing and harvesting lateral thoracic perforator flaps for partial and total breast reconstruction with the introduction of the "propuller" concept. Patients and methods: Between September 2013 and August 2021, 95 flaps were performed for immediate, partial and total breast reconstruction. On a total of 95 flaps, 30 (19 thoracodorsal artery perforator(TDAP) flaps, 10 lateral intercostal artery perforator(LICAP) flaps and 1 lateral thoracic artery perforator(LTAP) flap) were harvested in the traditional fashion (control group) and 65 (57 LICAP, 2 LTAP and 6 TDAP flaps) according to the propeller concept (study group). All cases were preoperatively planned with Color-Coded Duplex Ultrasound. Results: No flap losses were experienced in both groups. The mean operative time was 156 minutes (range 118-234) for the control group and 75 minutes (range 53-125) for the study group (p < 0.0001). A significantly higher number of LICAP flaps were chosen in the study group compared to control group. None of the patients had donor site complications. Patients' and Surgeons' satisfaction was high to very high. Conclusion: The ultrasound preoperative planning led to the development of an easier and safer method of local perforator flap harvesting, that we named as propuller design. Its novelty lies in that perforator intraoperative selection and fully skeletonization are not needed and a more efficient flap movement (propeller plus advancement) which transfers more tissue into the new breast can be achieved safely, faster and easier.
Inglese
Visconti, G., Bianchi, A., Di Leone, A., Franceschini, G., Masetti, R., Salgarello, M., The Ultrasound Evolution of Lateral Thoracic Perforator Flaps Design and Harvest for Partial and Total Breast Reconstruction, <<AESTHETIC PLASTIC SURGERY>>, 2022; 2022 (dicembre): 1-11. [doi:10.1007/s00266-022-03208-8] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223932]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223932
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