Patients with lymphoproliferative diseases (LPD) are vulnerable to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Here, we describe and analyze the outcome of 366 adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) treated with targeted drugs and laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 diagnosed between February 2020 and January 2022. Median follow-up was 70.5 days (IQR 0-609). Most used targeted drugs were Bruton-kinase inhibitors (BKIs) (N= 201, 55%), anti-CD20 other than rituximab (N=61, 16%), BCL2 inhibitors (N=33, 9%) and lenalidomide (N=28, 8%).Only 16.2% of the patients were vaccinated with 2 or more doses of vaccine at the onset of COVID-19. Mortality was 24% (89/366) on day 30 and 36%(134/366) on the last day of follow-up. Age >75 years (p<0.001, HR 1.036), active malignancy (p<0.001, HR 2.215), severe COVID-19 (p=0.017, HR 2.270) and admission to ICU (p<0.001, HR 5.751) were risk factors for mortality at last day of follow up. There was no difference in OS rates in NHL vs CLL patients (p=0.306), nor in patients treated with or without BKIs (p=0.151). Mortality in ICU was 66% (CLL 61%, NHL 76%). Overall mortality rate decreased according to vaccination status, being 39% in unvaccinated patients, 32% and 26% in those having received one or two doses, respectively, and 20% in patients with a booster dose (p=0.245). Overall mortality rate dropped from 41% during the first semester of 2020 to 25% at the last semester of 2021. These results show increased severity and mortality from COVID-19 in LPDs patients treated with targeted drugs.

Infante, M. S., Salmanton-Garcia, J., Fernandez-Cruz, A., Marchesi, F., Jaksic, O., Weinbergerova, B., Besson, C., Duarte, R. F., Itri, F., Valkovic, T., Szotkovski, T., Busca, A., Guidetti, A., Glenthoj, A., Collins, G. P., Bonuomo, V., Sili, U., Seval, G. C., Machado, M., Cordoba, R., Blennow, O., Abu-Zeinah, G., Lamure, S., Kulasekararaj, A., Falces-Romero, I., Cattaneo, C., Van Doesum, J., Piukovics, K., Omrani, A. S., Magliano, G., Ledoux, M. -., De Ramon, C., Cabirta, A., Verga, L., Lopez-Garcia, A., Da Silva, M. G., Stojanoski, Z., Meers, S., Lahmer, T., Martin-Perez, S., Davila-Vals, J., Van Praet, J., Samarkos, M., Bilgin, Y. M., Karlsson, L. K., Batinic, J., Nordlander, A., Schonlein, M., Hoenigl, M., Racil, Z., Mladenovic, M., Hanakova, M., Zambrotta, G. P. M., De Jonge, N., Adzic-Vukicevic, T., Nunes-Rodrigues, R., Prezioso, L., Navratil, M., Marchetti, M., Cuccaro, A., Calbacho, M., Giordano, A., Cornely, O. A., Hernandez-Rivas, J. -., Pagano, L., B-cell malignancies treated with targeted drugs and SARS-CoV-2 infection: A European Hematology Association Survey (EPICOVIDEHA), <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; 12 (2022): 992137-992148. [doi:10.3389/fonc.2022.992137] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223849]

B-cell malignancies treated with targeted drugs and SARS-CoV-2 infection: A European Hematology Association Survey (EPICOVIDEHA)

Pagano, Livio
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

Patients with lymphoproliferative diseases (LPD) are vulnerable to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Here, we describe and analyze the outcome of 366 adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) treated with targeted drugs and laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 diagnosed between February 2020 and January 2022. Median follow-up was 70.5 days (IQR 0-609). Most used targeted drugs were Bruton-kinase inhibitors (BKIs) (N= 201, 55%), anti-CD20 other than rituximab (N=61, 16%), BCL2 inhibitors (N=33, 9%) and lenalidomide (N=28, 8%).Only 16.2% of the patients were vaccinated with 2 or more doses of vaccine at the onset of COVID-19. Mortality was 24% (89/366) on day 30 and 36%(134/366) on the last day of follow-up. Age >75 years (p<0.001, HR 1.036), active malignancy (p<0.001, HR 2.215), severe COVID-19 (p=0.017, HR 2.270) and admission to ICU (p<0.001, HR 5.751) were risk factors for mortality at last day of follow up. There was no difference in OS rates in NHL vs CLL patients (p=0.306), nor in patients treated with or without BKIs (p=0.151). Mortality in ICU was 66% (CLL 61%, NHL 76%). Overall mortality rate decreased according to vaccination status, being 39% in unvaccinated patients, 32% and 26% in those having received one or two doses, respectively, and 20% in patients with a booster dose (p=0.245). Overall mortality rate dropped from 41% during the first semester of 2020 to 25% at the last semester of 2021. These results show increased severity and mortality from COVID-19 in LPDs patients treated with targeted drugs.
Inglese
Infante, M. S., Salmanton-Garcia, J., Fernandez-Cruz, A., Marchesi, F., Jaksic, O., Weinbergerova, B., Besson, C., Duarte, R. F., Itri, F., Valkovic, T., Szotkovski, T., Busca, A., Guidetti, A., Glenthoj, A., Collins, G. P., Bonuomo, V., Sili, U., Seval, G. C., Machado, M., Cordoba, R., Blennow, O., Abu-Zeinah, G., Lamure, S., Kulasekararaj, A., Falces-Romero, I., Cattaneo, C., Van Doesum, J., Piukovics, K., Omrani, A. S., Magliano, G., Ledoux, M. -., De Ramon, C., Cabirta, A., Verga, L., Lopez-Garcia, A., Da Silva, M. G., Stojanoski, Z., Meers, S., Lahmer, T., Martin-Perez, S., Davila-Vals, J., Van Praet, J., Samarkos, M., Bilgin, Y. M., Karlsson, L. K., Batinic, J., Nordlander, A., Schonlein, M., Hoenigl, M., Racil, Z., Mladenovic, M., Hanakova, M., Zambrotta, G. P. M., De Jonge, N., Adzic-Vukicevic, T., Nunes-Rodrigues, R., Prezioso, L., Navratil, M., Marchetti, M., Cuccaro, A., Calbacho, M., Giordano, A., Cornely, O. A., Hernandez-Rivas, J. -., Pagano, L., B-cell malignancies treated with targeted drugs and SARS-CoV-2 infection: A European Hematology Association Survey (EPICOVIDEHA), <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; 12 (2022): 992137-992148. [doi:10.3389/fonc.2022.992137] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223849]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223849
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact