Purpose: Irreversible bilateral sensorineural hearing loss is a common side effect of platinum compounds. Because of the extended overall survival, a prolonged hearing surveillance and management of hearing impairments are emerging concerns for pediatric oncology. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we enrolled 38 children out of 116 treated at our institution by chemotherapy (cisplatin and/or carboplatin) with or without irradiation between 2007 and 2014, submitted to hearing monitoring before every cycle of chemotherapy, and who completed a 5-year long-term audiological follow-up. Chemotherapy regimens, demographic findings, cumulative doses, and cranial irradiation were compared. Results: At the end of 5-year follow-up, ototoxicity was significantly increased compared to that observed at the end of chemotherapy (52.5% vs 39.5%, p < 0.001). A late onset of hearing loss was experienced in 13.1% of children, while in 26.3% progressive hearing loss was measured. Deafness at the end of chemotherapy and irradiation were significant prognostic factors for late ototoxicity outcomes (Odds Ratio 7.2—CI 1.67–31.1—p < 0.01 and 5.25—CI 1.26–21.86—p < 0.01 respectively). No significant differences were found between cisplatin and combined treatment (i.e., cisplatin shifted to carboplatin during monitoring for the onset of ototoxicity) and ototoxicity was not associated with platinum compounds cumulative dose (p > 0.05). 13.1% of children needed hearing aids at the end of follow-up. Conclusion: Long-term monitoring of at least 5 years prevents the harmful effects of hearing deprivation identifying late onset/progressive hearing loss after platinum compound chemotherapy in children thanks to early hearing rehabilitation, especially in those who underwent multimodal therapy or subjected to irradiation.

Fetoni, A. R., Brigato, F., De Corso, E., Lucidi, D., Sergi, B., Scarano, E., Galli, J., Ruggiero, A., Long-term auditory follow-up in the management of pediatric platinum-induced ototoxicity, <<EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY>>, 2022; 279 (10): 4677-4686. [doi:10.1007/s00405-021-07225-2] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223538]

Long-term auditory follow-up in the management of pediatric platinum-induced ototoxicity

Fetoni, Anna Rita;De Corso, Eugenio;Sergi, Bruno;Galli, Jacopo;Ruggiero, Antonio
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Irreversible bilateral sensorineural hearing loss is a common side effect of platinum compounds. Because of the extended overall survival, a prolonged hearing surveillance and management of hearing impairments are emerging concerns for pediatric oncology. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we enrolled 38 children out of 116 treated at our institution by chemotherapy (cisplatin and/or carboplatin) with or without irradiation between 2007 and 2014, submitted to hearing monitoring before every cycle of chemotherapy, and who completed a 5-year long-term audiological follow-up. Chemotherapy regimens, demographic findings, cumulative doses, and cranial irradiation were compared. Results: At the end of 5-year follow-up, ototoxicity was significantly increased compared to that observed at the end of chemotherapy (52.5% vs 39.5%, p < 0.001). A late onset of hearing loss was experienced in 13.1% of children, while in 26.3% progressive hearing loss was measured. Deafness at the end of chemotherapy and irradiation were significant prognostic factors for late ototoxicity outcomes (Odds Ratio 7.2—CI 1.67–31.1—p < 0.01 and 5.25—CI 1.26–21.86—p < 0.01 respectively). No significant differences were found between cisplatin and combined treatment (i.e., cisplatin shifted to carboplatin during monitoring for the onset of ototoxicity) and ototoxicity was not associated with platinum compounds cumulative dose (p > 0.05). 13.1% of children needed hearing aids at the end of follow-up. Conclusion: Long-term monitoring of at least 5 years prevents the harmful effects of hearing deprivation identifying late onset/progressive hearing loss after platinum compound chemotherapy in children thanks to early hearing rehabilitation, especially in those who underwent multimodal therapy or subjected to irradiation.
Inglese
Fetoni, A. R., Brigato, F., De Corso, E., Lucidi, D., Sergi, B., Scarano, E., Galli, J., Ruggiero, A., Long-term auditory follow-up in the management of pediatric platinum-induced ototoxicity, <<EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY>>, 2022; 279 (10): 4677-4686. [doi:10.1007/s00405-021-07225-2] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223538]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223538
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