Background: The phase I component of a phase I/II study defined the recommended phase II dose and established the tolerability of nab-paclitaxel monotherapy in paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumours. The activity and safety of nab-paclitaxel monotherapy was further investigated in this phase II study. Patients and methods: Paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma or rhabdomyosarcoma received 240 mg/m2 of nab-paclitaxel on days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle. The primary end-point was the overall response rate (ORR; complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]). Secondary end-points included duration of response, disease control rate (DCR; CR + PR + stable disease [SD]), progression-free survival, 1-year overall survival, safety and pharmacokinetics. Results: Forty-two patients were enrolled, 14 each with Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma and rhabdomyosarcoma. The ORRs were 0%, 0% and 7.1% (1 confirmed PR), respectively. The DCRs were 30.8% (4 SD), 7.1% (1 SD) and 7.1% (1 confirmed PR and 0 SD) in the Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma and rhabdomyosarcoma groups, respectively. The median progression-free survival was 13.0, 7.4 and 5.1 weeks, respectively, and the 1-year overall survival rates were 48%, 25% and 15%, respectively. The most common grade III/4IVadverse events were haematologic (neutropenia [50%] and anaemia [48%]), and grade III/IV peripheral neuropathy occurred in 2 patients (14%) in the rhabdomyosarcoma group. Pharmacokinetics analyses revealed that paclitaxel tissue distribution was both rapid and extensive. Conclusions: In this phase II study, limited activity was observed; however, the safety of nab-paclitaxel in paediatric patients was confirmed. Trial registration: NCT01962103 and EudraCT 2013-000144-26.

Amoroso, L., Castel, V., Bisogno, G., Casanova, M., Marquez-Vega, C., Chisholm, J. C., Doz, F., Moreno, L., Ruggiero, A., Gerber, N. U., Fagioli, F., Hingorani, P., Melcon, S. G., Slepetis, R., Chen, N., Le Bruchec, Y., Simcock, M., Vassal, G., Phase II results from a phase I/II study to assess the safety and efficacy of weekly nab-paclitaxel in paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumours: A collaboration with the European Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer Network, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER>>, 2020; 135 (Agosto): 89-97. [doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2020.04.031] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223497]

Phase II results from a phase I/II study to assess the safety and efficacy of weekly nab-paclitaxel in paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumours: A collaboration with the European Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer Network

Ruggiero, Antonio;
2020

Abstract

Background: The phase I component of a phase I/II study defined the recommended phase II dose and established the tolerability of nab-paclitaxel monotherapy in paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumours. The activity and safety of nab-paclitaxel monotherapy was further investigated in this phase II study. Patients and methods: Paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma or rhabdomyosarcoma received 240 mg/m2 of nab-paclitaxel on days 1, 8 and 15 of each 28-day cycle. The primary end-point was the overall response rate (ORR; complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]). Secondary end-points included duration of response, disease control rate (DCR; CR + PR + stable disease [SD]), progression-free survival, 1-year overall survival, safety and pharmacokinetics. Results: Forty-two patients were enrolled, 14 each with Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma and rhabdomyosarcoma. The ORRs were 0%, 0% and 7.1% (1 confirmed PR), respectively. The DCRs were 30.8% (4 SD), 7.1% (1 SD) and 7.1% (1 confirmed PR and 0 SD) in the Ewing sarcoma, neuroblastoma and rhabdomyosarcoma groups, respectively. The median progression-free survival was 13.0, 7.4 and 5.1 weeks, respectively, and the 1-year overall survival rates were 48%, 25% and 15%, respectively. The most common grade III/4IVadverse events were haematologic (neutropenia [50%] and anaemia [48%]), and grade III/IV peripheral neuropathy occurred in 2 patients (14%) in the rhabdomyosarcoma group. Pharmacokinetics analyses revealed that paclitaxel tissue distribution was both rapid and extensive. Conclusions: In this phase II study, limited activity was observed; however, the safety of nab-paclitaxel in paediatric patients was confirmed. Trial registration: NCT01962103 and EudraCT 2013-000144-26.
Inglese
Amoroso, L., Castel, V., Bisogno, G., Casanova, M., Marquez-Vega, C., Chisholm, J. C., Doz, F., Moreno, L., Ruggiero, A., Gerber, N. U., Fagioli, F., Hingorani, P., Melcon, S. G., Slepetis, R., Chen, N., Le Bruchec, Y., Simcock, M., Vassal, G., Phase II results from a phase I/II study to assess the safety and efficacy of weekly nab-paclitaxel in paediatric patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumours: A collaboration with the European Innovative Therapies for Children with Cancer Network, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER>>, 2020; 135 (Agosto): 89-97. [doi:10.1016/j.ejca.2020.04.031] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223497]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/223497
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact