The pro-inflammatory phenotype accompanying melanoma progression includes an enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which plays an important role in the acquisition of apoptosis resistance, and is a suitable target for melanoma prevention and therapy. We observed that the WM266-4 metastatic melanoma cell line showed a constitutive COX-2 expression higher than that of the primary WM115 cells, an increased cytosolic level of the COX-2 messenger RNA (mRNA)-stabilizer human antigen R (HuR) and a lower susceptibility to basal apoptosis. The transfection of HuR siRNA induced apoptosis and reduced COX-2 protein abundance in both the cells. The same effects were observed treating the cells with the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which reduced the cytoplasmic location and expression of HuR and, correspondently, decreased COX-2 protein expression and induced apoptosis. DHA also decreased the expression and stability of COX-2 mRNA, increased the β-catenin expression in the nuclei and reduced it in the cytosol, where it forms a complex with HuR and COX-2 mRNA. DHA had also a pro-differentiating effect, which is compatible with the nuclear translocation of β-catenin. These findings allow us to associate for the first time the constitutive expression of COX-2 in melanoma cells to the HuR-mediated stabilization of its mRNA and suggest that also β-catenin may play a role in HuR-mediated COX-2 stabilization in these cells. The data demonstrate that the HuR-mediated stabilization of COX-2 may represent a target of DHA action in melanoma cells and suggest the application of DHA in the prevention and therapy of melanoma.

Serini, S., Fasano, E., Piccioni, E., Monego, G., Cittadini, A., Celleno, L., Ranelletti, F. O., Calviello, G., DHA induces apoptosis and differentiation in human melanomacells in vitro: involvement of HuR-mediated COX-2 mRNA stabilization andβ-catenin nuclear translocation, <<CARCINOGENESIS>>, 2012; (Gennaio): 164-173 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/22337]

DHA induces apoptosis and differentiation in human melanoma cells in vitro: involvement of HuR-mediated COX-2 mRNA stabilization and β-catenin nuclear translocation

Serini, Simona;Fasano, Elena;Piccioni, Elisabetta;Monego, Giovanni;Cittadini, Achille;Celleno, Leonardo;Ranelletti, Franco Oreste;Calviello, Gabriella
2012

Abstract

The pro-inflammatory phenotype accompanying melanoma progression includes an enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which plays an important role in the acquisition of apoptosis resistance, and is a suitable target for melanoma prevention and therapy. We observed that the WM266-4 metastatic melanoma cell line showed a constitutive COX-2 expression higher than that of the primary WM115 cells, an increased cytosolic level of the COX-2 messenger RNA (mRNA)-stabilizer human antigen R (HuR) and a lower susceptibility to basal apoptosis. The transfection of HuR siRNA induced apoptosis and reduced COX-2 protein abundance in both the cells. The same effects were observed treating the cells with the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which reduced the cytoplasmic location and expression of HuR and, correspondently, decreased COX-2 protein expression and induced apoptosis. DHA also decreased the expression and stability of COX-2 mRNA, increased the β-catenin expression in the nuclei and reduced it in the cytosol, where it forms a complex with HuR and COX-2 mRNA. DHA had also a pro-differentiating effect, which is compatible with the nuclear translocation of β-catenin. These findings allow us to associate for the first time the constitutive expression of COX-2 in melanoma cells to the HuR-mediated stabilization of its mRNA and suggest that also β-catenin may play a role in HuR-mediated COX-2 stabilization in these cells. The data demonstrate that the HuR-mediated stabilization of COX-2 may represent a target of DHA action in melanoma cells and suggest the application of DHA in the prevention and therapy of melanoma.
Inglese
Serini, S., Fasano, E., Piccioni, E., Monego, G., Cittadini, A., Celleno, L., Ranelletti, F. O., Calviello, G., DHA induces apoptosis and differentiation in human melanomacells in vitro: involvement of HuR-mediated COX-2 mRNA stabilization andβ-catenin nuclear translocation, <>, 2012; (Gennaio): 164-173 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/22337]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/22337
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