Objective: To assess whether the presence of microvascular complications modifies the effect of intensive glucose reduction on long-term outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients and Methods: Using ACCORD and ACCORDION study data, we investigated the risk of the primary outcome (nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or cardiovascular death) or death in relation to the prerandomization type and extent of microvascular complications. Interaction terms were fitted in survival models to estimate the risk of both outcomes across levels of an overall microvascular disease score (range 0 to 100) and its individual components: diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. Results: During a mean follow-up of 7.7 years, 1685 primary outcomes and 1806 deaths occurred in 9405 participants. The outcome-specific microvascular score was ≤30 in 97.9% of subjects for the primary outcome and in 98.5% for death. For participants with scores of 0 and 30, respectively, the 10-year absolute risk difference between intensive glucose control and standard treatment ranged from −0.8% (95% CI, −2.6, 1.1) to −3.0% −7.1, 1.1) for the primary outcome and from −0.5% (−2.1, 1.1) to 0.7% (−4.2, 5.6) for mortality. Retinopathy was associated with the largest effects, with a 10-year absolute risk difference of −6.5% (−11.1 to −2.0) for the primary outcome and −3.9% (−7.8 to 0.1) for mortality. Conclusion: This hypothesis-generating study identifies diabetic retinopathy as predictor of the beneficial effect of intensive glucose control on the risk of cardiovascular disease and possibly death. Further long-term studies are required to confirm these findings.

Kloecker, D. E., Khunti, K., Davies, M. J., Pitocco, D., Zaccardi, F., Microvascular Disease and Risk of Cardiovascular Events and Death From Intensive Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes: The ACCORDION Study, <<MAYO CLINIC PROCEEDINGS>>, 2021; 96 (6): 1458-1469. [doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.08.047] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221572]

Microvascular Disease and Risk of Cardiovascular Events and Death From Intensive Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes: The ACCORDION Study

Pitocco, D.;
2021

Abstract

Objective: To assess whether the presence of microvascular complications modifies the effect of intensive glucose reduction on long-term outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients and Methods: Using ACCORD and ACCORDION study data, we investigated the risk of the primary outcome (nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or cardiovascular death) or death in relation to the prerandomization type and extent of microvascular complications. Interaction terms were fitted in survival models to estimate the risk of both outcomes across levels of an overall microvascular disease score (range 0 to 100) and its individual components: diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. Results: During a mean follow-up of 7.7 years, 1685 primary outcomes and 1806 deaths occurred in 9405 participants. The outcome-specific microvascular score was ≤30 in 97.9% of subjects for the primary outcome and in 98.5% for death. For participants with scores of 0 and 30, respectively, the 10-year absolute risk difference between intensive glucose control and standard treatment ranged from −0.8% (95% CI, −2.6, 1.1) to −3.0% −7.1, 1.1) for the primary outcome and from −0.5% (−2.1, 1.1) to 0.7% (−4.2, 5.6) for mortality. Retinopathy was associated with the largest effects, with a 10-year absolute risk difference of −6.5% (−11.1 to −2.0) for the primary outcome and −3.9% (−7.8 to 0.1) for mortality. Conclusion: This hypothesis-generating study identifies diabetic retinopathy as predictor of the beneficial effect of intensive glucose control on the risk of cardiovascular disease and possibly death. Further long-term studies are required to confirm these findings.
Inglese
Kloecker, D. E., Khunti, K., Davies, M. J., Pitocco, D., Zaccardi, F., Microvascular Disease and Risk of Cardiovascular Events and Death From Intensive Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes: The ACCORDION Study, <<MAYO CLINIC PROCEEDINGS>>, 2021; 96 (6): 1458-1469. [doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2020.08.047] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221572]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221572
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