Background: this study investigated the expression of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) and PTH/PTH-rP receptor PTH-R1 in placentas from women with gestational DM (GDM), and the relationship between PTH-R1 and PTH-rP expression and pregnancy characteristics. Methods: we prospectively enrolled 78 pregnant women with GDM, and immunochemistry for PTH-rP and PTH-R1 was performed on placentas. Patients were grouped according to the positivity of PTH-R1 or PTH-rP expression, and pregnancy characteristics were compared between the two groups. Results: PTH-rP and PTH-R1 expression were highest in the extravillous cytotrophoblast and in the decidua. In extravillous cytotrophoblast, PTH-rP expression was higher in women with abnormal at fasting glycemia compared to women with abnormal 60' or 120' glycemia (25/25, 50% vs. 6/28, 21.4%, χ2 = 6.12, p = 0.01), and PTH-R1 expression was higher in women with abnormal oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at fasting glycemia compared to women with abnormal 60' or 120' glycemia (37/50, 74% vs. 15/28, 53.6%, χ2 = 3.37, p = 0.06). In syncytiotrophoblast, PTH-rP-positive placentas were characterized by higher incidence of 1 min Apgar score < 7 (2/9, 22.2% vs. 2/69, 2.9%, χ2 = 6.11, p = 0.01) and maternal obesity (4/9, 44.4% vs. 11/69, 16.7%, χ2 = 3.81, p = 0.05). Conclusion: placental PTH-rP and PTH-R1 expression is dependent on the type of maternal hyperglycemia, and it is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Sirico, A., Dell'Aquila, M., Tartaglione, L., Moresi, S., Farì, G., Pitocco, D., Arena, V., Lanzone, A., PTH-rP and PTH-R1 Expression in Placentas from Pregnancies Complicated by Gestational Diabetes: New Insights into the Pathophysiology ofHyperglycemia in Pregnancy, <<DIAGNOSTICS>>, 2021; 11 (8): 1356-1365. [doi:10.3390/diagnostics11081356] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221568]

PTH-rP and PTH-R1 Expression in Placentas from Pregnancies Complicated by Gestational Diabetes: New Insights into the Pathophysiology of Hyperglycemia in Pregnancy

Dell'Aquila, M;Tartaglione, L;Moresi, S;Pitocco, D;Arena, V;Lanzone, A
2021

Abstract

Background: this study investigated the expression of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) and PTH/PTH-rP receptor PTH-R1 in placentas from women with gestational DM (GDM), and the relationship between PTH-R1 and PTH-rP expression and pregnancy characteristics. Methods: we prospectively enrolled 78 pregnant women with GDM, and immunochemistry for PTH-rP and PTH-R1 was performed on placentas. Patients were grouped according to the positivity of PTH-R1 or PTH-rP expression, and pregnancy characteristics were compared between the two groups. Results: PTH-rP and PTH-R1 expression were highest in the extravillous cytotrophoblast and in the decidua. In extravillous cytotrophoblast, PTH-rP expression was higher in women with abnormal at fasting glycemia compared to women with abnormal 60' or 120' glycemia (25/25, 50% vs. 6/28, 21.4%, χ2 = 6.12, p = 0.01), and PTH-R1 expression was higher in women with abnormal oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at fasting glycemia compared to women with abnormal 60' or 120' glycemia (37/50, 74% vs. 15/28, 53.6%, χ2 = 3.37, p = 0.06). In syncytiotrophoblast, PTH-rP-positive placentas were characterized by higher incidence of 1 min Apgar score < 7 (2/9, 22.2% vs. 2/69, 2.9%, χ2 = 6.11, p = 0.01) and maternal obesity (4/9, 44.4% vs. 11/69, 16.7%, χ2 = 3.81, p = 0.05). Conclusion: placental PTH-rP and PTH-R1 expression is dependent on the type of maternal hyperglycemia, and it is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Inglese
Sirico, A., Dell'Aquila, M., Tartaglione, L., Moresi, S., Farì, G., Pitocco, D., Arena, V., Lanzone, A., PTH-rP and PTH-R1 Expression in Placentas from Pregnancies Complicated by Gestational Diabetes: New Insights into the Pathophysiology ofHyperglycemia in Pregnancy, <<DIAGNOSTICS>>, 2021; 11 (8): 1356-1365. [doi:10.3390/diagnostics11081356] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/221568]
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