Aims: To assess the association between combination, dose and use of current guideline-recommended target doses (TD) of renin–angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi), angiotensin receptor–neprilysin inhibitors (ARNi) and β-blockers, and outcomes in a large and unselected contemporary cohort of patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. Methods and results: Overall, 17 809 outpatients registered in the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF) from May 2000 to December 2018, with ejection fraction <40% and duration of HF ≥90 days were selected. Primary outcome was a composite of time to cardiovascular death and first HF hospitalization. Compared with no use of RASi or ARNi, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 0.83 (0.76–0.91) with <50% of TD, 0.78 (0.71–0.86) with 50%–99%, and 0.73 (0.67–0.80) with ≥100% of TD. Compared with no use of β-blockers, the adjusted HR (95% CI) was 0.86 (0.76–0.91), 0.81 (0.74–0.89) and 0.74 (0.68–0.82) with <50%, 50%–99% and ≥100% of TD, respectively. Patients receiving both an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)/ARNi and a β-blocker at 50%–99% of TD had a lower adjusted risk of the primary outcome compared with patients only receiving one drug, i.e. ACEi/ARB/ARNi or β-blocker, even if this was at ≥100% of TD. Conclusion: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction patients using higher doses of RASi or ARNi and β-blockers had lower risk of cardiovascular death or HF hospitalization. Use of two drug classes at 50%–99% of TD dose was associated with lower risk than one drug class at 100% of TD.

D'Amario, D., Rodolico, D., Rosano, G. M. C., Dahlstrom, U., Crea, F., Lund, L. H., Savarese, G., Association between dosing and combination use of medications and outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: data from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE>>, 2022; 24 (5): 871-884. [doi:10.1002/ejhf.2477] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/220411]

Association between dosing and combination use of medications and outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: data from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry

D'Amario, D.;Crea, F.;
2022

Abstract

Aims: To assess the association between combination, dose and use of current guideline-recommended target doses (TD) of renin–angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi), angiotensin receptor–neprilysin inhibitors (ARNi) and β-blockers, and outcomes in a large and unselected contemporary cohort of patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. Methods and results: Overall, 17 809 outpatients registered in the Swedish Heart Failure Registry (SwedeHF) from May 2000 to December 2018, with ejection fraction <40% and duration of HF ≥90 days were selected. Primary outcome was a composite of time to cardiovascular death and first HF hospitalization. Compared with no use of RASi or ARNi, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 0.83 (0.76–0.91) with <50% of TD, 0.78 (0.71–0.86) with 50%–99%, and 0.73 (0.67–0.80) with ≥100% of TD. Compared with no use of β-blockers, the adjusted HR (95% CI) was 0.86 (0.76–0.91), 0.81 (0.74–0.89) and 0.74 (0.68–0.82) with <50%, 50%–99% and ≥100% of TD, respectively. Patients receiving both an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)/ARNi and a β-blocker at 50%–99% of TD had a lower adjusted risk of the primary outcome compared with patients only receiving one drug, i.e. ACEi/ARB/ARNi or β-blocker, even if this was at ≥100% of TD. Conclusion: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction patients using higher doses of RASi or ARNi and β-blockers had lower risk of cardiovascular death or HF hospitalization. Use of two drug classes at 50%–99% of TD dose was associated with lower risk than one drug class at 100% of TD.
Inglese
D'Amario, D., Rodolico, D., Rosano, G. M. C., Dahlstrom, U., Crea, F., Lund, L. H., Savarese, G., Association between dosing and combination use of medications and outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: data from the Swedish Heart Failure Registry, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE>>, 2022; 24 (5): 871-884. [doi:10.1002/ejhf.2477] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/220411]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/220411
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