Frailty is a clinical syndrome characterized by a reduced physiologic reserve, increased vulnerability to stressors and an increased risk of adverse outcomes. People with atrial fibrillation (AF) are often burdened by frailty due to biological, clinical, and social factors. The prevalence of frailty, its management and association with major outcomes in AF patients are still not well quantified. We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE, from inception to September 13th, 2021, for studies reporting the prevalence of frailty in AF patients. The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021235854). 33 studies were included in the systematic review (n = 1,187,651 patients). The frailty pooled prevalence was 39.7 % (95 %CI=29.9 %-50.5 %, I-2 =100 %), while meta-regression analyses showed it is influenced by age, history of stroke, and geographical location. Meta-regression analyses showed that OAC prescription was influenced by study-level mean age, baseline thromboembolic risk, and study setting. Frail AF patients were associated with a higher risk of all-cause death (OR=5.56, 95 %CI=3.46-8.94), ischemic stroke (OR=1.59, 95 %CI=1.00-2.52), and bleeding (OR=1.64, 95 %CI=1.11-2.41), when compared to robust individuals. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the prevalence of frailty was high in patients with AF. Frailty may influence the prognosis and management of AF patients, thus requiring person-tailored interventions in a holistic or integrated approach to AF care.

Proietti, M., Romiti, G. F., Raparelli, V., Diemberger, I., Boriani, G., Vecchia, L. A. D., Bellelli, G., Marzetti, E., Lip, G. Y., Cesari, M., Frailty prevalence and impact on outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 1,187,000 patients, <<AGEING RESEARCH REVIEWS>>, 2022; (79): 1-11. [doi:10.1016/j.arr.2022.101652] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/220347]

Frailty prevalence and impact on outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 1,187,000 patients

Marzetti, E.;
2022

Abstract

Frailty is a clinical syndrome characterized by a reduced physiologic reserve, increased vulnerability to stressors and an increased risk of adverse outcomes. People with atrial fibrillation (AF) are often burdened by frailty due to biological, clinical, and social factors. The prevalence of frailty, its management and association with major outcomes in AF patients are still not well quantified. We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE, from inception to September 13th, 2021, for studies reporting the prevalence of frailty in AF patients. The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021235854). 33 studies were included in the systematic review (n = 1,187,651 patients). The frailty pooled prevalence was 39.7 % (95 %CI=29.9 %-50.5 %, I-2 =100 %), while meta-regression analyses showed it is influenced by age, history of stroke, and geographical location. Meta-regression analyses showed that OAC prescription was influenced by study-level mean age, baseline thromboembolic risk, and study setting. Frail AF patients were associated with a higher risk of all-cause death (OR=5.56, 95 %CI=3.46-8.94), ischemic stroke (OR=1.59, 95 %CI=1.00-2.52), and bleeding (OR=1.64, 95 %CI=1.11-2.41), when compared to robust individuals. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the prevalence of frailty was high in patients with AF. Frailty may influence the prognosis and management of AF patients, thus requiring person-tailored interventions in a holistic or integrated approach to AF care.
Inglese
Proietti, M., Romiti, G. F., Raparelli, V., Diemberger, I., Boriani, G., Vecchia, L. A. D., Bellelli, G., Marzetti, E., Lip, G. Y., Cesari, M., Frailty prevalence and impact on outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 1,187,000 patients, <<AGEING RESEARCH REVIEWS>>, 2022; (79): 1-11. [doi:10.1016/j.arr.2022.101652] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/220347]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/220347
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