Background: Malignant brain tumors (BT) are among the cancers most frequently associated with constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD), a rare childhood cancer predisposition syndrome resulting from biallelic germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. This study analyzed data from the European "Care for CMMRD" (C4CMMRD) database to describe their clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcome with the aim of improving its diagnosis/treatment. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data on patients with CMMRD and malignant BT from the C4CMMRD database up to July 2017. Results: Among the 87 registered patients, 49 developed 56 malignant BTs: 50 high-grade gliomas (HGG) (with giant multinucleated cells in 16/21 histologically reviewed tumors) and 6 embryonal tumors. The median age at first BT was 9.2 years [1.1-40.6], with nine patients older than 18. Twenty-seven patients developed multiple malignancies (including16 before the BT). Most patients received standard treatment, and eight patients immunotherapy for relapsed HGG. The 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 30% (95% CI: 19-45) and 22% (95% CI: 12-37) after the first BT, with worse prognosis for HGG (3-year OS = 20.5%). Six patients were alive (median follow-up 2.5 years) and 43 dead (38 deaths, 88%, were BT-related). Other CMMRD-specific features were café-au-lait macules (40/41), multiple BTs (5/15), developmental brain anomalies (11/15), and consanguinity (20/38 families). Conclusions: Several characteristics could help suspecting CMMRD in pediatric malignant BTs: giant cells on histology, previous malignancies, parental consanguinity, café-au-lait macules, multiple BTs, and developmental brain anomalies. The prognosis of CMMRD-associated BT treated with standard therapies is poor requiring new therapeutic up-front approaches. Keywords: MMR biallelic germline mutation; brain tumor; café-au-lait spot; childhood cancer; constitutional mismatch repair deficiency; high-grade glioma; predisposition.

Léa Guerrini-Rousseau, 1. 2., Pascale Varlet, 3., Chrystelle Colas, 4., Felipe Andreiuolo, 3., Franck Bourdeaut, 5., Karin Dahan, 6., Christine Devalck, 7., Cécile Faure-Conter, 8., Genuardi, M., Yael Goldberg, 1., Michaela Kuhlen, 1., Salma Moalla, 1., Enrico Opocher, 1., Vanessa Perez-Alonso, 1., Astrid Sehested, 1., Irene Slavc, 1., Sheila Unger, 1., Katharina Wimmer, 1., Jacques Grill, 1. 2., Laurence Brugières, 1., Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency-associated brain tumors: report from the European C4CMMRD consortium, <<NEURO-ONCOLOGY ADVANCES>>, 2019; 2019 (1): 1-13. [doi:10.1093/noajnl/vdz033] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219830]

Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency-associated brain tumors: report from the European C4CMMRD consortium

Genuardi, M.;
2019

Abstract

Background: Malignant brain tumors (BT) are among the cancers most frequently associated with constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD), a rare childhood cancer predisposition syndrome resulting from biallelic germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. This study analyzed data from the European "Care for CMMRD" (C4CMMRD) database to describe their clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcome with the aim of improving its diagnosis/treatment. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data on patients with CMMRD and malignant BT from the C4CMMRD database up to July 2017. Results: Among the 87 registered patients, 49 developed 56 malignant BTs: 50 high-grade gliomas (HGG) (with giant multinucleated cells in 16/21 histologically reviewed tumors) and 6 embryonal tumors. The median age at first BT was 9.2 years [1.1-40.6], with nine patients older than 18. Twenty-seven patients developed multiple malignancies (including16 before the BT). Most patients received standard treatment, and eight patients immunotherapy for relapsed HGG. The 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 30% (95% CI: 19-45) and 22% (95% CI: 12-37) after the first BT, with worse prognosis for HGG (3-year OS = 20.5%). Six patients were alive (median follow-up 2.5 years) and 43 dead (38 deaths, 88%, were BT-related). Other CMMRD-specific features were café-au-lait macules (40/41), multiple BTs (5/15), developmental brain anomalies (11/15), and consanguinity (20/38 families). Conclusions: Several characteristics could help suspecting CMMRD in pediatric malignant BTs: giant cells on histology, previous malignancies, parental consanguinity, café-au-lait macules, multiple BTs, and developmental brain anomalies. The prognosis of CMMRD-associated BT treated with standard therapies is poor requiring new therapeutic up-front approaches. Keywords: MMR biallelic germline mutation; brain tumor; café-au-lait spot; childhood cancer; constitutional mismatch repair deficiency; high-grade glioma; predisposition.
Inglese
Léa Guerrini-Rousseau, 1. 2., Pascale Varlet, 3., Chrystelle Colas, 4., Felipe Andreiuolo, 3., Franck Bourdeaut, 5., Karin Dahan, 6., Christine Devalck, 7., Cécile Faure-Conter, 8., Genuardi, M., Yael Goldberg, 1., Michaela Kuhlen, 1., Salma Moalla, 1., Enrico Opocher, 1., Vanessa Perez-Alonso, 1., Astrid Sehested, 1., Irene Slavc, 1., Sheila Unger, 1., Katharina Wimmer, 1., Jacques Grill, 1. 2., Laurence Brugières, 1., Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency-associated brain tumors: report from the European C4CMMRD consortium, <<NEURO-ONCOLOGY ADVANCES>>, 2019; 2019 (1): 1-13. [doi:10.1093/noajnl/vdz033] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219830]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219830
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