Study Objective: To identify preoperative/intraoperative patient and tumor characteristics associated with an increased risk of tumor spillage during minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for early-stage ovarian cancer (OC). The secondary end point was to develop a score system able to estimate the risk of tumor rupture during MIS. Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I OC. Patients: Patients aged ≥18 years old, with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA to IC1 OC of any histology. Interventions: Preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of patients treated with MIS for early-stage OC at Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, IRCCS in Rome, Italy, from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2017, were collected. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 151 patients were included. Previous pelvic surgery was more represented in patients with nonruptured tumors (46.0% vs 63.4%; p = .042). In addition, a larger tumor diameter (p <.001), a higher body mass index (p = .032), ultrasound characteristics (p = .029), and adhesions to large bowel (14% vs 2.0%; p = .003), uterus (44% vs 6.9%; p <.001), contralateral ovary (8.0% vs 0%; p = .004), ovarian fossa (64% vs 14.9%; p <.001), and pouch of Douglas peritoneum (32% vs 4.0%; p <.001) increased rupture rate. At multivariate analysis, a larger tumor diameter (p <.001) and adhesions to ovarian fossa peritoneum (p = .007) were independently associated with intraoperative cancer spillage and included in the score calculation. A disease-free survival (DFS) difference between the rupture group and the no-rupture group was detected (5-year DFS, 74.9% vs 94.4%; p = .011), with superimposable overall survival (5-year overall survival, 91.2% vs 97.9%; p = .089). Conclusion: Some preoperative/intraoperative characteristics increase the risk of tumor rupture during MIS for early-stage OC. A laparoscopic predictive model of capsule disruption could be considered to intraoperatively tailor surgical approach to prevent tumor spillage and avoid affecting patient's DFS.

Ghirardi, V., De Felice, F., Rosati, A., Ergasti, R., Gueli Alletti, S., Mascilini, F., Scambia, G., Fagotti, A., A Laparoscopic Adjusted Model Able to Predict the Risk of Intraoperative Capsule Rupture in Early-stage Ovarian Cancer: Laparoscopic Ovarian Cancer Spillage Score (LOChneSS Study), <<JOURNAL OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGY>>, 2022; 29 (8): 961-967. [doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2022.04.014] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219721]

A Laparoscopic Adjusted Model Able to Predict the Risk of Intraoperative Capsule Rupture in Early-stage Ovarian Cancer: Laparoscopic Ovarian Cancer Spillage Score (LOChneSS Study)

Ergasti, R.;Gueli Alletti, S.;Scambia, G.;Fagotti, A.
2022

Abstract

Study Objective: To identify preoperative/intraoperative patient and tumor characteristics associated with an increased risk of tumor spillage during minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for early-stage ovarian cancer (OC). The secondary end point was to develop a score system able to estimate the risk of tumor rupture during MIS. Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting: Patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I OC. Patients: Patients aged ≥18 years old, with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA to IC1 OC of any histology. Interventions: Preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of patients treated with MIS for early-stage OC at Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli, IRCCS in Rome, Italy, from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2017, were collected. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 151 patients were included. Previous pelvic surgery was more represented in patients with nonruptured tumors (46.0% vs 63.4%; p = .042). In addition, a larger tumor diameter (p <.001), a higher body mass index (p = .032), ultrasound characteristics (p = .029), and adhesions to large bowel (14% vs 2.0%; p = .003), uterus (44% vs 6.9%; p <.001), contralateral ovary (8.0% vs 0%; p = .004), ovarian fossa (64% vs 14.9%; p <.001), and pouch of Douglas peritoneum (32% vs 4.0%; p <.001) increased rupture rate. At multivariate analysis, a larger tumor diameter (p <.001) and adhesions to ovarian fossa peritoneum (p = .007) were independently associated with intraoperative cancer spillage and included in the score calculation. A disease-free survival (DFS) difference between the rupture group and the no-rupture group was detected (5-year DFS, 74.9% vs 94.4%; p = .011), with superimposable overall survival (5-year overall survival, 91.2% vs 97.9%; p = .089). Conclusion: Some preoperative/intraoperative characteristics increase the risk of tumor rupture during MIS for early-stage OC. A laparoscopic predictive model of capsule disruption could be considered to intraoperatively tailor surgical approach to prevent tumor spillage and avoid affecting patient's DFS.
Inglese
Ghirardi, V., De Felice, F., Rosati, A., Ergasti, R., Gueli Alletti, S., Mascilini, F., Scambia, G., Fagotti, A., A Laparoscopic Adjusted Model Able to Predict the Risk of Intraoperative Capsule Rupture in Early-stage Ovarian Cancer: Laparoscopic Ovarian Cancer Spillage Score (LOChneSS Study), <<JOURNAL OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGY>>, 2022; 29 (8): 961-967. [doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2022.04.014] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219721]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219721
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