Purpose of review In chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis, the transition from the inflammatory to the fibrotic stage of the lungs occurs in about 10-20% of cases, eventually causing end-stage fibrotic disease. To date, pathogenetic mechanisms and clinical management remain challenging; thus, we highlight the recent evidence in pulmonary fibrotic processes, clinical signs for an early detection and the potential role of the current investigated antifibrotic agents and promising targeted therapies. Recent findings Recent findings of relevant key cellular pathways can be considered as a glimmer of light in the complexity of sarcoidosis. In some patients, granulomas persist and serve as a nidus for fibrosis growth, sustained by several fibrosis-stimulating cytokines. Preclinical studies have detected profibrotic, antifibrotic and pleiotropic T cells as promoters of fibrosis. Epigenetics, genetics and transcriptomics research can lead to new target therapies. Antifibrotic drug nintedanib has shown a positive effect on non-idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis fibrotic lung diseases including fibrotic sarcoidosis; other antifibrotic drugs are under investigation. Pulmonary fibrosis strongly impacts the outcome of sarcoidosis, and a better understanding of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms can facilitate the development of novel treatments, improving clinical care and life expectancy of these patients. The greatest challenge is to investigate effective antifibrotic therapies once fibrosis develops. The role of these findings in fibrotic sarcoidosis can be translated into other interstitial lung diseases characterized by the coexistence of inflammatory and fibrotic processes.

Comes, A., Sofia, C., Richeldi, L., Novel insights in fibrotic pulmonary sarcoidosis, <<CURRENT OPINION IN PULMONARY MEDICINE>>, 2022; 28 (5): 478-484. [doi:10.1097/MCP.0000000000000893] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219688]

Novel insights in fibrotic pulmonary sarcoidosis

Comes, Alessia;Sofia, Carmelo;Richeldi, Luca
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose of review In chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis, the transition from the inflammatory to the fibrotic stage of the lungs occurs in about 10-20% of cases, eventually causing end-stage fibrotic disease. To date, pathogenetic mechanisms and clinical management remain challenging; thus, we highlight the recent evidence in pulmonary fibrotic processes, clinical signs for an early detection and the potential role of the current investigated antifibrotic agents and promising targeted therapies. Recent findings Recent findings of relevant key cellular pathways can be considered as a glimmer of light in the complexity of sarcoidosis. In some patients, granulomas persist and serve as a nidus for fibrosis growth, sustained by several fibrosis-stimulating cytokines. Preclinical studies have detected profibrotic, antifibrotic and pleiotropic T cells as promoters of fibrosis. Epigenetics, genetics and transcriptomics research can lead to new target therapies. Antifibrotic drug nintedanib has shown a positive effect on non-idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis fibrotic lung diseases including fibrotic sarcoidosis; other antifibrotic drugs are under investigation. Pulmonary fibrosis strongly impacts the outcome of sarcoidosis, and a better understanding of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms can facilitate the development of novel treatments, improving clinical care and life expectancy of these patients. The greatest challenge is to investigate effective antifibrotic therapies once fibrosis develops. The role of these findings in fibrotic sarcoidosis can be translated into other interstitial lung diseases characterized by the coexistence of inflammatory and fibrotic processes.
Inglese
Comes, A., Sofia, C., Richeldi, L., Novel insights in fibrotic pulmonary sarcoidosis, <<CURRENT OPINION IN PULMONARY MEDICINE>>, 2022; 28 (5): 478-484. [doi:10.1097/MCP.0000000000000893] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219688]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219688
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