Introduction: International guidelines recommend risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) in BRCA1-2 mutations carriers to decrease ovarian cancer occurrence. In this prospective study, we describe the incidence of occult malignancies and the surgical outcomes in asymptomatic BRCA mutation carriers submitted to RRSO. Methods: Data on BRCA1-2 carriers undergoing RRSO with peritoneal washing and peritoneal/omental biopsies (PeS), between January 2019 until March 2021, were prospectively collected. Results: A total of 132 patients were enrolled: 74 BRCA1 and 58 BRCA2 mutation carriers. 31.1% women underwent RRSO and PeS (16.2% of BRCA1 and 50% of BRCA2 carriers), while 68.9% patients were submitted also to concomitant hysterectomy. Almost all the procedures (99.2%) were performed by minimally invasive surgery. Postoperative complications occurred in twelve patients (9.1%): 10 in the concomitant hysterectomy group and two complications in the RRSO group. At the final pathological examination, 6 (4.5%) occult carcinomas were diagnosed: 3 fallopian tube carcinomas, one ovarian carcinoma and two serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs), with negative PeS. Median age of occult carcinomas patients at RRSO was 54 (range: 48–79) years. The mean follow up was 20 (range: 7–34) months. During the follow up, no primary peritoneal cancer has been diagnosed. Conclusions: Occult pathologic findings in RRSO occurred in 4.5% (3% invasive carcinomas, STIC 1.5%) among our patients. The routine use of peritoneal biopsies does not improve the detection of occult malignancies. Our data confirm the importance of timely performing RRSO in BRCA1-2 carriers.

Marchetti, C., Arcieri, M., Vertechy, L., Ergasti, R., Russo, G., Zannoni, G. F., Minucci, A., Ercoli, A., Scambia, G., Fagotti, A., Risk reducing surgery with peritoneal staging in BRCA1-2 mutation carriers. A prospective study, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; (Jul): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.ejso.2022.07.007]

Risk reducing surgery with peritoneal staging in BRCA1-2 mutation carriers. A prospective study

Marchetti, C.;Ergasti, R.;Russo, G.;Zannoni, G. F.;Minucci, A.;Ercoli, A.;Scambia, G.;Fagotti, A.
2022

Abstract

Introduction: International guidelines recommend risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) in BRCA1-2 mutations carriers to decrease ovarian cancer occurrence. In this prospective study, we describe the incidence of occult malignancies and the surgical outcomes in asymptomatic BRCA mutation carriers submitted to RRSO. Methods: Data on BRCA1-2 carriers undergoing RRSO with peritoneal washing and peritoneal/omental biopsies (PeS), between January 2019 until March 2021, were prospectively collected. Results: A total of 132 patients were enrolled: 74 BRCA1 and 58 BRCA2 mutation carriers. 31.1% women underwent RRSO and PeS (16.2% of BRCA1 and 50% of BRCA2 carriers), while 68.9% patients were submitted also to concomitant hysterectomy. Almost all the procedures (99.2%) were performed by minimally invasive surgery. Postoperative complications occurred in twelve patients (9.1%): 10 in the concomitant hysterectomy group and two complications in the RRSO group. At the final pathological examination, 6 (4.5%) occult carcinomas were diagnosed: 3 fallopian tube carcinomas, one ovarian carcinoma and two serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs), with negative PeS. Median age of occult carcinomas patients at RRSO was 54 (range: 48–79) years. The mean follow up was 20 (range: 7–34) months. During the follow up, no primary peritoneal cancer has been diagnosed. Conclusions: Occult pathologic findings in RRSO occurred in 4.5% (3% invasive carcinomas, STIC 1.5%) among our patients. The routine use of peritoneal biopsies does not improve the detection of occult malignancies. Our data confirm the importance of timely performing RRSO in BRCA1-2 carriers.
Inglese
Marchetti, C., Arcieri, M., Vertechy, L., Ergasti, R., Russo, G., Zannoni, G. F., Minucci, A., Ercoli, A., Scambia, G., Fagotti, A., Risk reducing surgery with peritoneal staging in BRCA1-2 mutation carriers. A prospective study, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; (Jul): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.ejso.2022.07.007]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219605
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact