Despite many improvements in ovarian cancer diagnosis and treatment, until now, conventional chemotherapy and new biological drugs have not been shown to cure the disease, and the overall prognosis remains poor. Over 90% of ovarian malignancies are categorized as epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC), a collection of different types of neoplasms with distinctive disease biology, response to chemotherapy, and outcome. Advances in our understanding of the histopathology and molecular features of EOC subtypes, as well as the cellular origins of these cancers, have given a boost to the development of clinically relevant experimental models. The overall goal of this review is to provide a comprehensive description of the available preclinical investigational approaches aimed at better characterizing disease development and progression and at identifying new therapeutic strategies. Systems discussed comprise monolayer (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) cultures of established and primary cancer cell lines, organoids and patient-derived explants, animal models, including carcinogen-induced, syngeneic, genetically engineered mouse, xenografts, patient-derived xenografts (PDX), humanized PDX, and the zebrafish and the laying hen models. Recent advances in tumour-on-a-chip platforms are also detailed. The critical analysis of strengths and weaknesses of each experimental model will aid in identifying opportunities to optimize their translational value.

Ciucci, A., Buttarelli, M., Fagotti, A., Scambia, G., Gallo, D., Preclinical models of epithelial ovarian cancer: practical considerations and challenges for a meaningful application, <<CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES>>, 2022; 79 (7): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1007/s00018-022-04395-y] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219592]

Preclinical models of epithelial ovarian cancer: practical considerations and challenges for a meaningful application

Fagotti, A.;Scambia, G.;
2022

Abstract

Despite many improvements in ovarian cancer diagnosis and treatment, until now, conventional chemotherapy and new biological drugs have not been shown to cure the disease, and the overall prognosis remains poor. Over 90% of ovarian malignancies are categorized as epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC), a collection of different types of neoplasms with distinctive disease biology, response to chemotherapy, and outcome. Advances in our understanding of the histopathology and molecular features of EOC subtypes, as well as the cellular origins of these cancers, have given a boost to the development of clinically relevant experimental models. The overall goal of this review is to provide a comprehensive description of the available preclinical investigational approaches aimed at better characterizing disease development and progression and at identifying new therapeutic strategies. Systems discussed comprise monolayer (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) cultures of established and primary cancer cell lines, organoids and patient-derived explants, animal models, including carcinogen-induced, syngeneic, genetically engineered mouse, xenografts, patient-derived xenografts (PDX), humanized PDX, and the zebrafish and the laying hen models. Recent advances in tumour-on-a-chip platforms are also detailed. The critical analysis of strengths and weaknesses of each experimental model will aid in identifying opportunities to optimize their translational value.
Inglese
Ciucci, A., Buttarelli, M., Fagotti, A., Scambia, G., Gallo, D., Preclinical models of epithelial ovarian cancer: practical considerations and challenges for a meaningful application, <<CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES>>, 2022; 79 (7): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1007/s00018-022-04395-y] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219592]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219592
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