Aims/hypothesis: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and beta cell dedifferentiation both play leading roles in impaired insulin secretion in overt type 2 diabetes. Whether and how these factors are related in the natural history of the disease remains, however, unclear. Methods: In this study, we analysed pancreas biopsies from a cohort of metabolically characterised living donors to identify defects in in situ insulin synthesis and intra-islet expression of ER stress and beta cell phenotype markers. Results: We provide evidence that in situ altered insulin processing is closely connected to in vivo worsening of beta cell function. Further, activation of ER stress genes reflects the alteration of insulin processing in situ. Using a combination of 17 different markers, we characterised individual pancreatic islets from normal glucose tolerant, impaired glucose tolerant and type 2 diabetic participants and reconstructed disease progression. Conclusions/interpretation: Our study suggests that increased beta cell workload is accompanied by a progressive increase in ER stress with defects in insulin synthesis and loss of beta cell identity. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Brusco, N., Sebastiani, G., Di Giuseppe, G., Licata, G., Grieco, G. E., Fignani, D., Nigi, L., Formichi, C., Aiello, E., Auddino, S., Quero, G., Cefalo, C. M. A., Cinti, F., Mari, A., Ferraro, P. M., Pontecorvi, A., Alfieri, S., Giaccari, A., Dotta, F., Mezza, T., Intra-islet insulin synthesis defects are associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress and loss of beta cell identity in human diabetes, <<DIABETOLOGIA>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1007/s00125-022-05814-2] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219430]

Intra-islet insulin synthesis defects are associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress and loss of beta cell identity in human diabetes

Quero, G.
Investigation
;
Cefalo, C. M. A.;Cinti, F.;Ferraro, P. M.;Pontecorvi, A.;Giaccari, A.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Mezza, T.
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and beta cell dedifferentiation both play leading roles in impaired insulin secretion in overt type 2 diabetes. Whether and how these factors are related in the natural history of the disease remains, however, unclear. Methods: In this study, we analysed pancreas biopsies from a cohort of metabolically characterised living donors to identify defects in in situ insulin synthesis and intra-islet expression of ER stress and beta cell phenotype markers. Results: We provide evidence that in situ altered insulin processing is closely connected to in vivo worsening of beta cell function. Further, activation of ER stress genes reflects the alteration of insulin processing in situ. Using a combination of 17 different markers, we characterised individual pancreatic islets from normal glucose tolerant, impaired glucose tolerant and type 2 diabetic participants and reconstructed disease progression. Conclusions/interpretation: Our study suggests that increased beta cell workload is accompanied by a progressive increase in ER stress with defects in insulin synthesis and loss of beta cell identity. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Inglese
Brusco, N., Sebastiani, G., Di Giuseppe, G., Licata, G., Grieco, G. E., Fignani, D., Nigi, L., Formichi, C., Aiello, E., Auddino, S., Quero, G., Cefalo, C. M. A., Cinti, F., Mari, A., Ferraro, P. M., Pontecorvi, A., Alfieri, S., Giaccari, A., Dotta, F., Mezza, T., Intra-islet insulin synthesis defects are associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress and loss of beta cell identity in human diabetes, <<DIABETOLOGIA>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1007/s00125-022-05814-2] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219430]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219430
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