Context During an asymptomatic prediabetic state, the functional ss-cell mass decreases to a critical threshold, triggering diabetes and related symptoms. To date, there are no reliable readouts able to capture in vivo a potential drop of the ss-cell mass. Objective Beside its use as a short-term marker of glycemic control, the deoxyhexose 1,5-anhydroglucitol was identified in rodents as a circulating biomarker of the functional ss-cell mass already in the asymptomatic prediabetic stage. The present study investigated the putative corresponding relevance of circulating 1,5-anhydroglucitol in different human cohorts. Methods We analyzed clinical and blood parameters in patients with established type 2 diabetes and subjects considered at high risk of developing diabetes, as well as patients with no history of diabetes scheduled for pancreaticoduodenectomy. Results Circulating 1,5-anhydroglucitol was reduced in type 2 diabetic patients, negatively correlating with fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.0001) and hemoglobin A1c (P < 0.0001). In healthy subjects, 1,5-AG levels positively correlated with body mass index (P = 0.004) and Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance %S (P < 0.03) and was particularly high in nondiabetic obese individuals, potentially accounting for compensatory ss-cell expansion. Patients with no history of diabetes undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy exhibited a 50% reduction of circulating 1,5-anhydroglucitol levels following surgery leading to an acute loss of their ss-cell mass (P = 0.002), regardless their glucose tolerance status. Conclusion In summary, plasma concentration of 1,5-anhydroglucitol follows the ss-cell mass and its noninvasive monitoring may alert about the loss of ss cells in subjects at risk for diabetes, an event that cannot be captured by other clinical parameters of glycemic control.

Jimenez-Sanchez, C., Mezza, T., Sinturel, F., Li, L., Di Giuseppe, G., Quero, G., Jornayvaz, F. R., Guessous, I., Dibner, C., Schrauwen, P., Alfieri, S., Giaccari, A., Maechler, P., Circulating 1,5-Anhydroglucitol as a Biomarker of ß-cell Mass Independent of a Diabetes Phenotype in Human Subjects, <<THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM>>, 2022; (10): 2833-2843. [doi:10.1210/clinem/dgac444] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219425]

Circulating 1,5-Anhydroglucitol as a Biomarker of ß-cell Mass Independent of a Diabetes Phenotype in Human Subjects

Mezza, T.
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Quero, G.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Giaccari, A.
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2022

Abstract

Context During an asymptomatic prediabetic state, the functional ss-cell mass decreases to a critical threshold, triggering diabetes and related symptoms. To date, there are no reliable readouts able to capture in vivo a potential drop of the ss-cell mass. Objective Beside its use as a short-term marker of glycemic control, the deoxyhexose 1,5-anhydroglucitol was identified in rodents as a circulating biomarker of the functional ss-cell mass already in the asymptomatic prediabetic stage. The present study investigated the putative corresponding relevance of circulating 1,5-anhydroglucitol in different human cohorts. Methods We analyzed clinical and blood parameters in patients with established type 2 diabetes and subjects considered at high risk of developing diabetes, as well as patients with no history of diabetes scheduled for pancreaticoduodenectomy. Results Circulating 1,5-anhydroglucitol was reduced in type 2 diabetic patients, negatively correlating with fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.0001) and hemoglobin A1c (P < 0.0001). In healthy subjects, 1,5-AG levels positively correlated with body mass index (P = 0.004) and Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance %S (P < 0.03) and was particularly high in nondiabetic obese individuals, potentially accounting for compensatory ss-cell expansion. Patients with no history of diabetes undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy exhibited a 50% reduction of circulating 1,5-anhydroglucitol levels following surgery leading to an acute loss of their ss-cell mass (P = 0.002), regardless their glucose tolerance status. Conclusion In summary, plasma concentration of 1,5-anhydroglucitol follows the ss-cell mass and its noninvasive monitoring may alert about the loss of ss cells in subjects at risk for diabetes, an event that cannot be captured by other clinical parameters of glycemic control.
Inglese
Jimenez-Sanchez, C., Mezza, T., Sinturel, F., Li, L., Di Giuseppe, G., Quero, G., Jornayvaz, F. R., Guessous, I., Dibner, C., Schrauwen, P., Alfieri, S., Giaccari, A., Maechler, P., Circulating 1,5-Anhydroglucitol as a Biomarker of ß-cell Mass Independent of a Diabetes Phenotype in Human Subjects, <<THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM>>, 2022; (10): 2833-2843. [doi:10.1210/clinem/dgac444] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219425]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/219425
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