The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of WT1 expression after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We studied WT1 expression in bone marrow cells from 50 patients in complete remission on day +60 after transplant. WT1 was assessed on unfractionated bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNC) and on CD34+ selected cells (CD34+). A ROC curve analysis identified 800 WT1 copies on CD34+ selected cells, as the best cut-off predicting relapse (AUC 0.842, p=0.0006, 85.7% sensitivity and 81.6% specificity) and 100 copies in MNC (AUC 0.819, p=0.007, 83.3% sensitivity and 88.2% specificity). Using the 800 WT1 copy cut off in CD34+ cells, the 2 year cumulative incidence of relapse was 12% vs 38% (p=0.005), and 2 year survival 88% vs 55% (p=0.02). Using the 100 WT1 copy cut off in unfractionated MNC, the 2 year cumulative incidence of relapse 13% vs 44% (p=0.01) and the 2 year survival 88% vs 55% (p=0.08). In a multivariate Cox analysis WT1 expression in CD34 cells proved to highly predictive of relapse (p=0.004); also WT1 expression on unfractionated cells predicted relapse (p=0.03). In conclusion, day-60 WT1 expression after allogeneic HSCT is a significant predictor of relapse, particularly when tested on CD34+ selected bone marrow cells.

Sora', F., Day 60 WT1 assessment on CD34 selected bome marrow better predicts relapse and mortality after allogenic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia patients, <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; (31): 1-1

Day 60 WT1 assessment on CD34 selected bome marrow better predicts relapse and mortality after allogenic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia patients

Sora', Federica
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of WT1 expression after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We studied WT1 expression in bone marrow cells from 50 patients in complete remission on day +60 after transplant. WT1 was assessed on unfractionated bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNC) and on CD34+ selected cells (CD34+). A ROC curve analysis identified 800 WT1 copies on CD34+ selected cells, as the best cut-off predicting relapse (AUC 0.842, p=0.0006, 85.7% sensitivity and 81.6% specificity) and 100 copies in MNC (AUC 0.819, p=0.007, 83.3% sensitivity and 88.2% specificity). Using the 800 WT1 copy cut off in CD34+ cells, the 2 year cumulative incidence of relapse was 12% vs 38% (p=0.005), and 2 year survival 88% vs 55% (p=0.02). Using the 100 WT1 copy cut off in unfractionated MNC, the 2 year cumulative incidence of relapse 13% vs 44% (p=0.01) and the 2 year survival 88% vs 55% (p=0.08). In a multivariate Cox analysis WT1 expression in CD34 cells proved to highly predictive of relapse (p=0.004); also WT1 expression on unfractionated cells predicted relapse (p=0.03). In conclusion, day-60 WT1 expression after allogeneic HSCT is a significant predictor of relapse, particularly when tested on CD34+ selected bone marrow cells.
Inglese
Sora', F., Day 60 WT1 assessment on CD34 selected bome marrow better predicts relapse and mortality after allogenic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia patients, <<FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY>>, 2022; (31): 1-1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/218505
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