We report the final analysis, with a 10-year follow-up, of the phase II study GIMEMA CML 0307 (NCT00481052), which enrolled 73 adult patients (median age 51 years; range, 18-83) with newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia to investigate the efficacy and the toxicity of front-line treatment with nilotinib. The initial dose was 400 mg twice daily; the dose was reduced to 300 mg twice daily as soon as this dose was approved and registered. The 10-year overall survival and progression- free survival were 94.5%. At the last contact, 36 (49.3%) patients were continuing nilotinib (22 patients at 300 mg twice daily, 14 at lower doses), 18 (24.7%) patients were in treatment-free remission, 14 (19.2%) were receiving other tyrosinekinase inhibitors and four (5.5%) patients have died. The rates of major and deep molecular responses by 10 years were 96% and 83%, respectively. The median times to major and deep molecular response were 6 and 18 months, respectively. After a median duration of nilotinib treatment of 88 months, 24 (32.9%) patients discontinued nilotinib while in stable deep molecular response. In these patients, the 2-year estimated treatment-free survival was 72.6%. The overall treatment-free remission rate, calculated on all enrolled patients, was 24.7% (18/73 patients). Seventeen patients (23.3%), at a median age of 69 years, had at least one arterial obstructive event. In conclusion, the use of nilotinib front-line in chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia can induce a stable treatment-free remission in a relevant number of patients, although cardiovascular toxicity remains of concern.

Sora', F., treatment free remission in chronic myeloid leukemia fron-line with nilotinib 10 year followup of GIMEMA CML 0307 study, <<HAEMATOLOGICA>>, 2022; (107): 2356-2364

treatment free remission in chronic myeloid leukemia fron-line with nilotinib 10 year followup of GIMEMA CML 0307 study

Sora', Federica
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2022

Abstract

We report the final analysis, with a 10-year follow-up, of the phase II study GIMEMA CML 0307 (NCT00481052), which enrolled 73 adult patients (median age 51 years; range, 18-83) with newly diagnosed chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia to investigate the efficacy and the toxicity of front-line treatment with nilotinib. The initial dose was 400 mg twice daily; the dose was reduced to 300 mg twice daily as soon as this dose was approved and registered. The 10-year overall survival and progression- free survival were 94.5%. At the last contact, 36 (49.3%) patients were continuing nilotinib (22 patients at 300 mg twice daily, 14 at lower doses), 18 (24.7%) patients were in treatment-free remission, 14 (19.2%) were receiving other tyrosinekinase inhibitors and four (5.5%) patients have died. The rates of major and deep molecular responses by 10 years were 96% and 83%, respectively. The median times to major and deep molecular response were 6 and 18 months, respectively. After a median duration of nilotinib treatment of 88 months, 24 (32.9%) patients discontinued nilotinib while in stable deep molecular response. In these patients, the 2-year estimated treatment-free survival was 72.6%. The overall treatment-free remission rate, calculated on all enrolled patients, was 24.7% (18/73 patients). Seventeen patients (23.3%), at a median age of 69 years, had at least one arterial obstructive event. In conclusion, the use of nilotinib front-line in chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia can induce a stable treatment-free remission in a relevant number of patients, although cardiovascular toxicity remains of concern.
Inglese
Sora', F., treatment free remission in chronic myeloid leukemia fron-line with nilotinib 10 year followup of GIMEMA CML 0307 study, <<HAEMATOLOGICA>>, 2022; (107): 2356-2364
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/218504
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact