Current food crop production systems are heavily dependent on the use of chemical fertilizers, of which those containing phosphorus (P), essential for plant growth and development, represent a non-renewable mineral resource whose reserves are estimated to decline within 100-200 years. The microbiota associated with plant roots, mainly represented by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can be exploited for reducing external P input into agro-ecosystems. In this study, plant and fungal variables involved in P acquisition were investigated in four maize inbred lines (Oh40B, Mo17, Oh43 and B73), differing for mycorrhizal responsiveness and low-P tolerance, when inoculated with the symbiont Rhizoglomus irregulare. The expression patterns of genes encoding phosphate transporters (PTs) in extraradical and intraradical mycelium (ERM and IRM) and in maize roots were assessed along with plant growth responses, P uptake and ERM extent and structure. The four maize lines differed in expression levels of PT genes in both plant and fungal tissues, in ERM phenotypic traits and plant performance. Expression of PT genes in roots and ERM of the low-P tolerant maize line Mo17 was higher than that detected in the low-P susceptible line B73, which revealed larger ERM hyphal densities and interconnectedness. Significant correlations were found between ERM structural traits, and both expression levels of PT genes and mycorrhizal host benefit data. Further studies aimed at improving our knowledge of the genetic mechanisms regulating the functioning of AMF symbiosis may lead to the development of new strategies of targeted molecular breeding to obtain more sustainable low-P tolerant crops.

Giovannini, L., Sbrana, C., Giovannetti, M., Avio, L., Lanubile, A., Marocco, A., Turrini, A., DIFFERENTIAL MODULATION OF PLANT AND FUNGAL PHOSPHATETRANSPORTERS AND EXPRESSION OF MYCELIAL TRAITS IN DIVERSEMYCORRHIZAL MAIZE INBRED LINES, Abstract de <<LXV SIGA Annual Congress>>, (Piacenza - Italia, 06-09 September 2022 ), Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria, Napoli 2022: 1-2 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/217700]

DIFFERENTIAL MODULATION OF PLANT AND FUNGAL PHOSPHATE TRANSPORTERS AND EXPRESSION OF MYCELIAL TRAITS IN DIVERSE MYCORRHIZAL MAIZE INBRED LINES

Lanubile, A.;Marocco, A.;
2022

Abstract

Current food crop production systems are heavily dependent on the use of chemical fertilizers, of which those containing phosphorus (P), essential for plant growth and development, represent a non-renewable mineral resource whose reserves are estimated to decline within 100-200 years. The microbiota associated with plant roots, mainly represented by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can be exploited for reducing external P input into agro-ecosystems. In this study, plant and fungal variables involved in P acquisition were investigated in four maize inbred lines (Oh40B, Mo17, Oh43 and B73), differing for mycorrhizal responsiveness and low-P tolerance, when inoculated with the symbiont Rhizoglomus irregulare. The expression patterns of genes encoding phosphate transporters (PTs) in extraradical and intraradical mycelium (ERM and IRM) and in maize roots were assessed along with plant growth responses, P uptake and ERM extent and structure. The four maize lines differed in expression levels of PT genes in both plant and fungal tissues, in ERM phenotypic traits and plant performance. Expression of PT genes in roots and ERM of the low-P tolerant maize line Mo17 was higher than that detected in the low-P susceptible line B73, which revealed larger ERM hyphal densities and interconnectedness. Significant correlations were found between ERM structural traits, and both expression levels of PT genes and mycorrhizal host benefit data. Further studies aimed at improving our knowledge of the genetic mechanisms regulating the functioning of AMF symbiosis may lead to the development of new strategies of targeted molecular breeding to obtain more sustainable low-P tolerant crops.
Inglese
Proceedings of the LXV SIGA Annual Congress
LXV SIGA Annual Congress
Piacenza - Italia
6-set-2022
9-set-2022
978-88-944843-3-5
Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria
Giovannini, L., Sbrana, C., Giovannetti, M., Avio, L., Lanubile, A., Marocco, A., Turrini, A., DIFFERENTIAL MODULATION OF PLANT AND FUNGAL PHOSPHATETRANSPORTERS AND EXPRESSION OF MYCELIAL TRAITS IN DIVERSEMYCORRHIZAL MAIZE INBRED LINES, Abstract de <<LXV SIGA Annual Congress>>, (Piacenza - Italia, 06-09 September 2022 ), Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria, Napoli 2022: 1-2 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/217700]
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