Abstract: Although vision loss is known to affect equilibrium maintenance, postural control in patients affected by low vision has been poorly investigated. We evaluated postural stability and the ability to use visual, proprioceptive and vestibular information in different low vision patterns. Ten adults with normal vision (NC), fourteen adults affected by central visual impairment (CLV) and eight adults affected by peripheral visual impairment (PLV) were enrolled in our study. Patients underwent visual, vestibular and postural evaluation (bedside examination, Computed Dynamic Posturograophy). Motor Control Tests were performed to analyze automatic postural adaptive re- sponses elicited by unexpected postural disturbances. Clinical evaluations did not show abnormality in all patients. In the Sensory Organization Test, CLV and PLV patients performed more poorly in conditions 3–6 and 3–4, as compared to NC subjects. The condition 5 score was significantly lower in the CLV group with respect to the PLV patients. Composite equilibrium scores demonstrated significant differences between low-vision subjects vs. NC subjects. No differences were found for somatosensorial contribution. Visual afferences showed lower values in all visually impaired subjects, while vestibular contribution was lower in the CLV patients as compared to the NC and PLV patients. MCT latencies were significantly worse in the CLV subjects. In the low-vision patients, postural control was modified with a specific pattern of strategy adaptation. Different modulations of postural control and different adaptive responses seemed to characterize CLV patients as compared to PLV subjects.

Cadoni, G., Picciotti, P. M., Rolesi, R., Sulfaro, M., Guidobaldi, M., Amore, F., Conti, G., Paludetti, G., Turco, S., Posturographic Analysis in Patients Affected by Central and Peripheral Visual Impairment, <<JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE>>, 2022; 12 (10): 1-10. [doi:10.3390/jpm12101709] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/217689]

Posturographic Analysis in Patients Affected by Central and Peripheral Visual Impairment

Cadoni;Gabriella; Picciotti;Pasqualina Maria; Rolesi
;
Rolando; Sulfaro;Marco; Guidobaldi;Filippo; Conti;Guido; Paludetti;Gaetano; Turco
2022

Abstract

Abstract: Although vision loss is known to affect equilibrium maintenance, postural control in patients affected by low vision has been poorly investigated. We evaluated postural stability and the ability to use visual, proprioceptive and vestibular information in different low vision patterns. Ten adults with normal vision (NC), fourteen adults affected by central visual impairment (CLV) and eight adults affected by peripheral visual impairment (PLV) were enrolled in our study. Patients underwent visual, vestibular and postural evaluation (bedside examination, Computed Dynamic Posturograophy). Motor Control Tests were performed to analyze automatic postural adaptive re- sponses elicited by unexpected postural disturbances. Clinical evaluations did not show abnormality in all patients. In the Sensory Organization Test, CLV and PLV patients performed more poorly in conditions 3–6 and 3–4, as compared to NC subjects. The condition 5 score was significantly lower in the CLV group with respect to the PLV patients. Composite equilibrium scores demonstrated significant differences between low-vision subjects vs. NC subjects. No differences were found for somatosensorial contribution. Visual afferences showed lower values in all visually impaired subjects, while vestibular contribution was lower in the CLV patients as compared to the NC and PLV patients. MCT latencies were significantly worse in the CLV subjects. In the low-vision patients, postural control was modified with a specific pattern of strategy adaptation. Different modulations of postural control and different adaptive responses seemed to characterize CLV patients as compared to PLV subjects.
Inglese
Cadoni, G., Picciotti, P. M., Rolesi, R., Sulfaro, M., Guidobaldi, M., Amore, F., Conti, G., Paludetti, G., Turco, S., Posturographic Analysis in Patients Affected by Central and Peripheral Visual Impairment, <<JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE>>, 2022; 12 (10): 1-10. [doi:10.3390/jpm12101709] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/217689]
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