This study investigates how an abrupt reduction in policing impacts upon the occurrence of homicides in a violent context in the Global South. The study utilizes a police strike in the Brazilian state of Ceará in summer 2020 as a quasi-natural experiment. Separate SARIMA and Exponential Smoothing models fitted on data on weekly homicide counts from January 2015 to the beginning of the strike are used to generate forecasts of homicides in a virtual counterfactual scenario with no police strikes. Actual homicide counts and forecasts are subsequently compared. The strike led to a statistically significant increase in homicides ranging between 110% and 250%. A difference-in-differences analysis confirms this result. The elasticity of homicides with respect to police presence is tentatively estimated at between -1.5 and -5.0. Even in a violent context, the perception of a higher risk of apprehension induced by police presence acts as a powerful deterrent against homicides.

Aziani, A., What happens when the police go on strike? Homicides increase. Evidence from Ceará, Brazil, <<GLOBAL CRIME>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1080/17440572.2022.2098121] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/216024]

What happens when the police go on strike? Homicides increase. Evidence from Ceará, Brazil

Aziani, Alberto
2022

Abstract

This study investigates how an abrupt reduction in policing impacts upon the occurrence of homicides in a violent context in the Global South. The study utilizes a police strike in the Brazilian state of Ceará in summer 2020 as a quasi-natural experiment. Separate SARIMA and Exponential Smoothing models fitted on data on weekly homicide counts from January 2015 to the beginning of the strike are used to generate forecasts of homicides in a virtual counterfactual scenario with no police strikes. Actual homicide counts and forecasts are subsequently compared. The strike led to a statistically significant increase in homicides ranging between 110% and 250%. A difference-in-differences analysis confirms this result. The elasticity of homicides with respect to police presence is tentatively estimated at between -1.5 and -5.0. Even in a violent context, the perception of a higher risk of apprehension induced by police presence acts as a powerful deterrent against homicides.
Inglese
Aziani, A., What happens when the police go on strike? Homicides increase. Evidence from Ceará, Brazil, <<GLOBAL CRIME>>, 2022; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1080/17440572.2022.2098121] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/216024]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/216024
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