Aim High-intensity training (HIT) has recently been shown to be a suitable alternative time-saving strategy to improve athletic performance, cardiovascular fitness and muscle metabolism1. Nevertheless, women have rarely participated in studies investigating the efficacy of HIT2. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate in moderately active women the effectiveness of an HIT intervention performed on a new device called Trion. Methods Before and after 8 weeks of HIT (3 time/week, 7reps x 30sec all-out interspersed with 2 min of active rest), in 35 healthy women volunteers (22.5±3.7 yy; BMI: 21.2±2.6), we measured maximal oxygen uptake (V’O2max), ventilatory threshold (VT), anaerobic performance, muscle structure, body composition, hematochemical (CHOLtot) and blood pressure profile at rest. The HIT workout was performed running on non-motorized curve treadmill and cycling on an competition bike mounted on an electromagnetic roller. Results Absolute and relative V’O2max significantly increased by 10% (p<.05); maximal power and power@VT increased by 7.2% and 6.3 % (p<.05), respectively; peak anaerobic performance significantly increased by 10% (p<.05). Large significant differences (p<.05) were identified for vastus lateralis thickness and pennation angle, +4.9% and +10.1%, respectively. Fat mass and CHOLtot decreased by 3.9% and 5.7% (p<.05), respectively. Conclusions Our results confirm the feasibility and effectiveness of HIT to improve exercise performance and health related parameters: HIT performed on Trion device was absolutely safe and well tolerated by the subjects. As confirmed in previous studies, our findings shows that exercise intensity, rather than duration, is the key factor in determining functional benefits. References 1Weston M, Effects of Low-Volume High-Intensity-Interval-Training (HIT) on Fitness in Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Controlled and Non-Controlled Trials Sports Med. 2014; 44(7): 1005–1017. 2Batacan, RB Jr. Effects of high-intensity-interval-training on cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Mar;51(6):494-503.

Bruseghini, P., Tam, E., Capelli, C., Zamparo, P., (Abstract) Benefits of 8 weeks of High Intensity Training in healthy women: the Trion project, <<SPORT SCIENCES FOR HEALTH>>, 2017; 13 (S1): 1-52. [doi:10.1007/s11332-017-0384-3] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/215546]

Benefits of 8 weeks of High Intensity Training in healthy women: the Trion project

Bruseghini, P.
Primo
;
2017

Abstract

Aim High-intensity training (HIT) has recently been shown to be a suitable alternative time-saving strategy to improve athletic performance, cardiovascular fitness and muscle metabolism1. Nevertheless, women have rarely participated in studies investigating the efficacy of HIT2. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate in moderately active women the effectiveness of an HIT intervention performed on a new device called Trion. Methods Before and after 8 weeks of HIT (3 time/week, 7reps x 30sec all-out interspersed with 2 min of active rest), in 35 healthy women volunteers (22.5±3.7 yy; BMI: 21.2±2.6), we measured maximal oxygen uptake (V’O2max), ventilatory threshold (VT), anaerobic performance, muscle structure, body composition, hematochemical (CHOLtot) and blood pressure profile at rest. The HIT workout was performed running on non-motorized curve treadmill and cycling on an competition bike mounted on an electromagnetic roller. Results Absolute and relative V’O2max significantly increased by 10% (p<.05); maximal power and power@VT increased by 7.2% and 6.3 % (p<.05), respectively; peak anaerobic performance significantly increased by 10% (p<.05). Large significant differences (p<.05) were identified for vastus lateralis thickness and pennation angle, +4.9% and +10.1%, respectively. Fat mass and CHOLtot decreased by 3.9% and 5.7% (p<.05), respectively. Conclusions Our results confirm the feasibility and effectiveness of HIT to improve exercise performance and health related parameters: HIT performed on Trion device was absolutely safe and well tolerated by the subjects. As confirmed in previous studies, our findings shows that exercise intensity, rather than duration, is the key factor in determining functional benefits. References 1Weston M, Effects of Low-Volume High-Intensity-Interval-Training (HIT) on Fitness in Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Controlled and Non-Controlled Trials Sports Med. 2014; 44(7): 1005–1017. 2Batacan, RB Jr. Effects of high-intensity-interval-training on cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Mar;51(6):494-503.
Inglese
Bruseghini, P., Tam, E., Capelli, C., Zamparo, P., (Abstract) Benefits of 8 weeks of High Intensity Training in healthy women: the Trion project, <<SPORT SCIENCES FOR HEALTH>>, 2017; 13 (S1): 1-52. [doi:10.1007/s11332-017-0384-3] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/215546]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/215546
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