Background: Exercise has beneficial effects on older adults, but controversy surrounds the purported "compensatory effects" that training may have on total daily physical activity and energy expenditure in the elderly. We wanted to determine whether 8 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) induced such effects on physical activity and energy expenditure in healthy, active older adult men. Methods: Twenty-four healthy elderly male volunteers were randomized to two groups. The experimental group performed HIIT (7 x 2 min cycling repetitions, 3 d/w); the control group performed continuous moderate-intensity training (20-30 min cycling, 3 d/w). Physical activity and energy expenditure were measured with a multisensor activity monitor SenseWear Armband Mini. Results: During HIIT, significant changes were observed in moderate and vigorous physical activity, average daily metabolic equivalents (METs), physical activity level, and activity energy expenditure (p < 0.05) but not in total energy expenditure. Sleep and sedentary time, and levels of light physical activity remained constant during the training period. Conclusions: The findings suggest that HIIT induced no compensatory effect: HIIT does not adversely affect lifestyle, as it does not reduce daily energy expenditure and/or increase sedentary time.

Bruseghini, P., Tam, E., Calabria, E., Milanese, C., Capelli, C., Galvani, C., High Intensity Interval Training Does Not Have Compensatory Effects on Physical Activity Levels in Older Adults, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH>>, 2020; 17 (3): 1083-N/A. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17031083] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/215532]

High Intensity Interval Training Does Not Have Compensatory Effects on Physical Activity Levels in Older Adults

Bruseghini, Paolo;Galvani, Christel
2020

Abstract

Background: Exercise has beneficial effects on older adults, but controversy surrounds the purported "compensatory effects" that training may have on total daily physical activity and energy expenditure in the elderly. We wanted to determine whether 8 weeks of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) induced such effects on physical activity and energy expenditure in healthy, active older adult men. Methods: Twenty-four healthy elderly male volunteers were randomized to two groups. The experimental group performed HIIT (7 x 2 min cycling repetitions, 3 d/w); the control group performed continuous moderate-intensity training (20-30 min cycling, 3 d/w). Physical activity and energy expenditure were measured with a multisensor activity monitor SenseWear Armband Mini. Results: During HIIT, significant changes were observed in moderate and vigorous physical activity, average daily metabolic equivalents (METs), physical activity level, and activity energy expenditure (p < 0.05) but not in total energy expenditure. Sleep and sedentary time, and levels of light physical activity remained constant during the training period. Conclusions: The findings suggest that HIIT induced no compensatory effect: HIIT does not adversely affect lifestyle, as it does not reduce daily energy expenditure and/or increase sedentary time.
Inglese
Bruseghini, P., Tam, E., Calabria, E., Milanese, C., Capelli, C., Galvani, C., High Intensity Interval Training Does Not Have Compensatory Effects on Physical Activity Levels in Older Adults, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH>>, 2020; 17 (3): 1083-N/A. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17031083] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/215532]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/215532
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