Study Objectives: Different therapeutic strategies have been investigated for the treatment of positional obstructive sleep apnea, but more evidence is needed about efficacy and compliance. The objective of this study was to describe the efficacy of vibrotactile neck-based treatment in patients with positional obstructive sleep apnea with different degrees of obstructive sleep apnea severity who were followed for 6 months.Methods: This is a retrospective study including 162 patients with positional obstructive sleep apnea undergoing vibrotactile neck-based positional therapy. We compared polysomnographic data obtained at baseline and during positional therapy after 1 month. We performed a subgroup analysis based on obstructive sleep apnea severity. Furthermore, we analyzed follow-up data in 84/162 (51.8%) patients with particular focus on discontinuation and complications related to the device.Results: We observed a significant difference between mean baseline obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI; 21.9 +/- 9.9 events/h) and during positional therapy (12 +/- 9.2 events/h; P< .01). Moreover, 87/162 (54.9%) patients showed a reduced baseline OAHI of at least 50% and 38/162 (23.4%) achieved complete disease control (OAHI < 5 events/h). At subgroup analysis, at least 50% reduction from baseline OAHI was observed in 56.8% of patients with mild, 55% with moderate, and 47.4% with severe OAHI, whereas complete control of disease was achieved in 50% of patients with mild, 22.5% with moderate, and 7.9% with severe OAHI. At a 6-month follow-up, only 35/84 patients (41.6%) were regularly using the device, with a mean of 5.9 +/- 1.2 days per week. Conclusions: Our results on the efficacy and long-term adherence to vibrotactile neck-based positional therapy showed that positional therapy can be an efficient first-line treatment option for mild positional obstructive sleep apnea and in selected cases of moderate disease. Long-term compliance is limited because of complications and low satisfaction in some patients.Conclusions: Our results on the efficacy and long-term adherence to vibrotactile neck-based positional therapy showed that positional therapy can be an efficient first-line treatment option for mild positional obstructive sleep apnea and in selected cases of moderate disease. Long-term compliance is limited because of complications and low satisfaction in some patients.

De Corso, E., Mastrapasqua, R. F., Fiorita, A., Settimi, S., Mele, D. A., Picciotti, P. M., Loperfido, A., Marrone, S., Rizzotto, G., Paludetti, G., Scarano, E., Efficacy and long-term follow-up of positional therapy by vibrotactile neck-based device in the management of positional OSA, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE>>, 2020; 16 (10): 1711-1719. [doi:10.5664/jcsm.8664] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214864]

Efficacy and long-term follow-up of positional therapy by vibrotactile neck-based device in the management of positional OSA

De Corso, Eugenio
;
Fiorita, Antonella;Settimi, Stefano;Mele, Dario Antonio;Picciotti, Pasqualina Maria;Rizzotto, Grazia;Paludetti, Gaetano;Scarano, Emanuele
2020

Abstract

Study Objectives: Different therapeutic strategies have been investigated for the treatment of positional obstructive sleep apnea, but more evidence is needed about efficacy and compliance. The objective of this study was to describe the efficacy of vibrotactile neck-based treatment in patients with positional obstructive sleep apnea with different degrees of obstructive sleep apnea severity who were followed for 6 months.Methods: This is a retrospective study including 162 patients with positional obstructive sleep apnea undergoing vibrotactile neck-based positional therapy. We compared polysomnographic data obtained at baseline and during positional therapy after 1 month. We performed a subgroup analysis based on obstructive sleep apnea severity. Furthermore, we analyzed follow-up data in 84/162 (51.8%) patients with particular focus on discontinuation and complications related to the device.Results: We observed a significant difference between mean baseline obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI; 21.9 +/- 9.9 events/h) and during positional therapy (12 +/- 9.2 events/h; P< .01). Moreover, 87/162 (54.9%) patients showed a reduced baseline OAHI of at least 50% and 38/162 (23.4%) achieved complete disease control (OAHI < 5 events/h). At subgroup analysis, at least 50% reduction from baseline OAHI was observed in 56.8% of patients with mild, 55% with moderate, and 47.4% with severe OAHI, whereas complete control of disease was achieved in 50% of patients with mild, 22.5% with moderate, and 7.9% with severe OAHI. At a 6-month follow-up, only 35/84 patients (41.6%) were regularly using the device, with a mean of 5.9 +/- 1.2 days per week. Conclusions: Our results on the efficacy and long-term adherence to vibrotactile neck-based positional therapy showed that positional therapy can be an efficient first-line treatment option for mild positional obstructive sleep apnea and in selected cases of moderate disease. Long-term compliance is limited because of complications and low satisfaction in some patients.Conclusions: Our results on the efficacy and long-term adherence to vibrotactile neck-based positional therapy showed that positional therapy can be an efficient first-line treatment option for mild positional obstructive sleep apnea and in selected cases of moderate disease. Long-term compliance is limited because of complications and low satisfaction in some patients.
Inglese
De Corso, E., Mastrapasqua, R. F., Fiorita, A., Settimi, S., Mele, D. A., Picciotti, P. M., Loperfido, A., Marrone, S., Rizzotto, G., Paludetti, G., Scarano, E., Efficacy and long-term follow-up of positional therapy by vibrotactile neck-based device in the management of positional OSA, <<JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SLEEP MEDICINE>>, 2020; 16 (10): 1711-1719. [doi:10.5664/jcsm.8664] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214864]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214864
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