If, as postulated, the end of the steady state phase (phi 2) of cardiovascular responses to apnoea corresponds to the physiological breaking point, then we may hypothesize that phi 2 should become visible if exercise apnoeas are performed in pure oxygen. We tested this hypothesis on 9 professional divers by means of continuous recording of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (f(H)), stroke volume (Q(S)), and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) during dry maximal exercising apnoeas in ambient air and in oxygen. Apnoeas lasted 45.0 +/- 16.9 s in air and 77.0 +/- 28.9 s in oxygen (p < 0.05). In air, no phi 2 was observed. Conversely, in oxygen, a phi 2 of 28 +/- 5 s duration appeared, during which systolic BP (185 +/- 29 mmHg), f(H) (93 +/- 16 bpm) and Q(S) (91 +/- 16 ml) remained stable. End-apnoea SpO(2) was 95.5 +/- 1.9% in air and 100% in oxygen. The results support the tested hypothesis.

Taboni, A., Vinetti, G., Bruseghini, P., Camelio, S., D'elia, M., Moia, C., Ferretti, G., Fagoni, N., Cardiovascular responses to dry apnoeas at exercise in air and in pure oxygen, <<RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY &amp; NEUROBIOLOGY>>, 2018; (255): 17-21. [doi:10.1016/j.resp.2018.05.003] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214694]

Cardiovascular responses to dry apnoeas at exercise in air and in pure oxygen

Bruseghini, Paolo;
2018

Abstract

If, as postulated, the end of the steady state phase (phi 2) of cardiovascular responses to apnoea corresponds to the physiological breaking point, then we may hypothesize that phi 2 should become visible if exercise apnoeas are performed in pure oxygen. We tested this hypothesis on 9 professional divers by means of continuous recording of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (f(H)), stroke volume (Q(S)), and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) during dry maximal exercising apnoeas in ambient air and in oxygen. Apnoeas lasted 45.0 +/- 16.9 s in air and 77.0 +/- 28.9 s in oxygen (p < 0.05). In air, no phi 2 was observed. Conversely, in oxygen, a phi 2 of 28 +/- 5 s duration appeared, during which systolic BP (185 +/- 29 mmHg), f(H) (93 +/- 16 bpm) and Q(S) (91 +/- 16 ml) remained stable. End-apnoea SpO(2) was 95.5 +/- 1.9% in air and 100% in oxygen. The results support the tested hypothesis.
Inglese
Taboni, A., Vinetti, G., Bruseghini, P., Camelio, S., D'elia, M., Moia, C., Ferretti, G., Fagoni, N., Cardiovascular responses to dry apnoeas at exercise in air and in pure oxygen, <<RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY &amp; NEUROBIOLOGY>>, 2018; (255): 17-21. [doi:10.1016/j.resp.2018.05.003] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214694]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214694
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