Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique (NIBS) that has been proven to promote beneficial effects in a range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Unfortunately, although has been widely investigated, the mechanism comprehension around tDCS effects presents still some gaps. Therefore, scientists are still trying to uncover the cellular and molecular mechanisms behind its positive effects to permit a more suitable application. Experimental models have provided converging evidence that tDCS elicits improvements in learning and memory by modulating both excitability and synaptic plasticity in neurons. Recently, among tDCS neurobiological effects, neural synchronization and dendritic structural changes have been reported in physiological and pathological conditions, suggesting possible effects at the neuronal circuit level. In this review, we bring in to focus the emerging effects of tDCS on the structural plasticity changes and neuronal rewiring, with the intent to match these two aspects with the underpinning molecular mechanisms identified so far, providing a new perspective to work on to unveil novel tDCS therapeutic use to treat brain dysfunctions.

Barbati, S. A., Podda, M. V., Grassi, C., Tuning brain networks: The emerging role of transcranial direct current stimulation on structural plasticity, <<FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE>>, 2022; (16): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fncel.2022.945777] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214467]

Tuning brain networks: The emerging role of transcranial direct current stimulation on structural plasticity

Barbati, Saviana Antonella
Primo
;
Podda, Maria Vittoria
;
Grassi, Claudio
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique (NIBS) that has been proven to promote beneficial effects in a range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Unfortunately, although has been widely investigated, the mechanism comprehension around tDCS effects presents still some gaps. Therefore, scientists are still trying to uncover the cellular and molecular mechanisms behind its positive effects to permit a more suitable application. Experimental models have provided converging evidence that tDCS elicits improvements in learning and memory by modulating both excitability and synaptic plasticity in neurons. Recently, among tDCS neurobiological effects, neural synchronization and dendritic structural changes have been reported in physiological and pathological conditions, suggesting possible effects at the neuronal circuit level. In this review, we bring in to focus the emerging effects of tDCS on the structural plasticity changes and neuronal rewiring, with the intent to match these two aspects with the underpinning molecular mechanisms identified so far, providing a new perspective to work on to unveil novel tDCS therapeutic use to treat brain dysfunctions.
Inglese
Barbati, S. A., Podda, M. V., Grassi, C., Tuning brain networks: The emerging role of transcranial direct current stimulation on structural plasticity, <<FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE>>, 2022; (16): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.3389/fncel.2022.945777] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214467]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/214467
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